Gene deletion of Corynespora cassiicola cassiicolin Cas1 suppresses virulence in the rubber tree

Ribeiro Sébastien, Tran Dinh Minh, Déon Marine, Clément-Demange André, Garcia Dominique, Soumahoro Mouman, Masson Aurélien, Pujade-Renaud Valérie. 2019. Gene deletion of Corynespora cassiicola cassiicolin Cas1 suppresses virulence in the rubber tree. Fungal Genetics and Biology, 129 : pp. 101-114.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : MYCOLOGY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : GENETICS & HEREDITY

Abstract : Corynespora cassiicola is an ascomycete fungus causing important damages in a wide range of plant hosts, including rubber tree. The small secreted protein cassiicolin is suspected to play a role in the onset of the disease in rubber tree, based on toxicity and gene expression profiles. However, its exact contribution to virulence, compared to other putative effectors, remains unclear. We created a deletion mutant targeting the cassiicolin gene Cas1 from the highly aggressive isolate CCP. Wild-type CCP and mutant ccpΔcas1 did not differ in terms of mycelium growth, sporulation, and germination rate in vitro. Cas1 gene deletion induced a complete loss of virulence on the susceptible clones PB260 and IRCA631, as revealed by inoculation experiments on intact (non-detached) leaves. However, residual symptoms persisted when inoculations were conducted on detached leaves, notably with longer incubation times. Complementation with exogenous cassiicolin restored the mutant capacity to colonize the leaf tissues. We also compared the toxicity of CCP and ccpΔcas1 culture filtrates, through electrolyte leakage measurements on abraded detached leaves, over a range of clones as well as an F1 population derived from the cross between the clones PB260 (susceptible) and RRIM600 (tolerant). On average, filtrate toxicity was lower but not fully suppressed in ccpΔcas1 compared to CCP, with clone-dependent variations. The two QTL, previously found associated with sensitivity to CPP filtrate or to the purified cassiicolin, were no longer detected with the mutant filtrate, while new QTL were revealed. Our results demonstrate that: (1) cassiicolin is a necrotrophic effector conferring virulence to the CCP isolate in susceptible rubber clones and (2) other effectors produced by CCP contribute to residual filtrate toxicity and virulence in senescing/wounded tissues. These other effectors may be involved in saprotrophy rather than necrotrophy.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Corynespora cassiicola, Expression des gènes, Hevea brasiliensis, Mutagénèse, Effecteur moléculaire, Virulence

Mots-clés complémentaires : délétion (génétique)

Mots-clés libres : Hevea brasiliensis, Corynespora cassiicola, Cassiicolin, Deletion mutant, Necrotrophy, Effector

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ribeiro Sébastien, Université Clermont Auvergne (FRA)
  • Tran Dinh Minh, UM2 (FRA)
  • Déon Marine, Université Clermont Auvergne (FRA)
  • Clément-Demange André, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Garcia Dominique, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Soumahoro Mouman, SAPH (CIV)
  • Masson Aurélien, SOGB (CIV)
  • Pujade-Renaud Valérie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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