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From shifting cultivation to teak plantation: Effect on overland flow and sediment yield in a montane tropical catchment

Ribolzi Olivier, Evrard Olivier, Huon Sylvain, De Rouw Anneke, Silvera Norbert, Latsachack Keo Oudone, Soulileuth Bounsamai, Lefèvre Irène, Pierret Alain, Lacombe Guillaume, Sengtaheuanghoung Oloth, Valentin Christian. 2017. From shifting cultivation to teak plantation: Effect on overland flow and sediment yield in a montane tropical catchment. Scientific Reports, 7:3987, 12 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : Soil erosion supplies large quantities of sediments to rivers of Southeastern Asia. It reduces soil fertility of agro-ecosystems located on hillslopes, and it degrades, downstream, water resource quality and leads to the siltation of reservoirs. An increase in the surface area covered with commercial perennial monocultures such as teak plantations is currently observed at the expanse of traditional slash-and-burn cultivation systems in steep montane environments of these regions. The impacts of land-use change on the hydrological response and sediment yields have been investigated in a representative catchment of Laos monitored for 13 years. After the gradual conversion of rice-based shifting cultivation to teak plantation-based systems, overland flow contribution to stream flow increased from 16 to 31% and sediment yield raised from 98 to 609 Mg km−2. This result is explained by the higher kinetic energy of raindrops falling from the canopy, the virtual absence of understorey vegetation cover to dissipate drop energy and the formation of an impermeable surface crust accelerating the formation and concentration of overland flow. The 25-to-50% lower 137Cs activities measured in soils collected under mature teak plantations compared to soils under other land uses illustrate the severity of soil erosion processes occurring in teak plantations.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Plantation forestière, Culture itinérante, Érosion, Fertilité du sol

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : République démocratique populaire lao, Asie du Sud-Est

Mots-clés libres : Erosion des sols, Laos, Teck, Abattis-brûlis, Hydrologie

Classification Agris : K10 - Forestry production
P36 - Soil erosion, conservation and reclamation
P35 - Soil fertility
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ribolzi Olivier, IRD (BFA) - auteur correspondant
  • Evrard Olivier, CNRS (FRA)
  • Huon Sylvain, IRD (FRA)
  • De Rouw Anneke, IRD (FRA)
  • Silvera Norbert, IRD (FRA)
  • Latsachack Keo Oudone, IRD (LAO)
  • Soulileuth Bounsamai, IRD (LAO)
  • Lefèvre Irène, CEA (FRA)
  • Pierret Alain, IRD (LAO)
  • Lacombe Guillaume, IWMI (LAO) ORCID: 0000-0002-3882-2697
  • Sengtaheuanghoung Oloth, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (Laos) (LAO)
  • Valentin Christian, IRD (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/593601/)

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