Deforestation processes in the livestock territory of La Vía Láctea, Matagalpa, Nicaragua

Tobar-López Diego, Bonin Muriel, Andrade Hernan J., Pulido Astrid, Ibrahim Muhammad. 2019. Deforestation processes in the livestock territory of La Vía Láctea, Matagalpa, Nicaragua. Journal of Land Use Science, 14 (3) : pp. 225-241.

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Abstract : Land-use change is considered one of the main causes of environmental degradation. Thus, its analysis will allow stakeholders to make reasonable decisions for land management. The objective of the present study was to understand the patterns of land-use/land-cover change and deforestation in a territory of importance for livestock development in Nicaragua: La Vía Láctea. The methodology was based on the digital processing of satellite images using the geographic information system that allowed the generation of the thematic cartography of land-use/land-cover for 1978, 1986, 1998, and 2011. Between 1978 and 2011, a total of 93% of the forest cover was converted to pasture for livestock development; this change has been influenced by socio-economic and political factors. This study, moreover, reinforces the idea that livestock is the main driver of deforestation. Landscape restoration requires increasing tree cover by adopting silvopastoral systems that improve biodiversity conservation and the provision of ecosystem services.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Déboisement, Élevage, Gestion foncière, Pâturage, Conservation du paysage, Utilisation des terres, Télédétection

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Nicaragua

Mots-clés complémentaires : Développement territorial

Mots-clés libres : Deforestation, Land use, Livestock, Remote Sensing, Nicaragua, Land cove

Classification Agris : L01 - Animal husbandry
K01 - Forestry - General aspects
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 5 (2019-) - Territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Tobar-López Diego, CATIE (CRI) - auteur correspondant
  • Bonin Muriel, CIRAD-ES-UMR TETIS (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-6507-6861
  • Andrade Hernan J., Universidad del Tolima (COL)
  • Pulido Astrid, CATIE (CRI)
  • Ibrahim Muhammad, CATIE (CRI)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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