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The baobabs of the Comoro Islands: Some biogeographical factors towards the protection and conservation of a neglected asset

Abdillahi Maoulida Mohamed, Cornu Cyrille, Fadul Raïma, Charpentier Michel, Roger Edmond, Rakouth Bakolimalala, Leong Pock Tsy Jean-Michel, Danthu Pascal. 2019. The baobabs of the Comoro Islands: Some biogeographical factors towards the protection and conservation of a neglected asset. Tropical Ecology, 60 (3) : 311- 325.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Abstract : This study aims to provide some information about the area of presence and geographical breakdown of baobabs belonging to the Adansonia digitata species on the four Comoro Islands. Two of the eight known species of baobabs in the world are present in the Comoro Islands. Whilst they have asset value, a thorough study of their geographical distribution has yet to be produced and there is very little existing action to protect and conserve the asset. An inventory of the A. digitata populations on the islands (Grande Comore, Mohéli, Anjouan and Mayotte) and islets of the archipelago was carried out. From this, it was possible to map the geographical breakdown and analyse the spacial distribution of the baobabs. Their distribution seems to be strongly associated to their proximity to the coastline, suggesting the seeds are dispersed by marine hydrochory. The ecological status of this species based on IUCN status assessment, is known from the threats and pressures incurred and its distribution according to their ecological preferences. The species is categorized as Endangered (ER). The data from this study should contribute to improved management and conservation of the Adansonia species in the Comoros, a growing requirement in the light of concerns about anthropogenic pressure.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Adansonia digitata, Distribution géographique, espèce en danger

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Comores, Mayotte

Mots-clés libres : Adansonia digitata, Baobab, Conservation, Comores, Biogeographie

Classification Agris : F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
F40 - Plant ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 1 (2019-) - Biodiversité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Abdillahi Maoulida Mohamed, INRAPE (COM)
  • Cornu Cyrille, CIRAD-ES-UMR TETIS (FRA)
  • Fadul Raïma, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Charpentier Michel, DAF (Mayotte) (MYT)
  • Roger Edmond, Université d'Antananarivo (MDG)
  • Rakouth Bakolimalala, Université d'Antananarivo (MDG)
  • Leong Pock Tsy Jean-Michel, DP Forests and Biodiversity (MDG)
  • Danthu Pascal, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/594261/)

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