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Hidden diversity of endogenous geminiviral sequences across plant genomes and transcriptomes

Sharma Vikas, Roumagnac Philippe, Filloux Denis, Lefeuvre Pierre, Teycheney Pierre-Yves, Martin Darren Patrick, Maumus Florian. 2019. Hidden diversity of endogenous geminiviral sequences across plant genomes and transcriptomes. In : Programme and abstracts of the 9th International Germinivirus Symposium (IGS 2019) and the 7th ssDNA Comparative virology workshop. University of California. Davis : University of California, Résumé, p. 58. International Geminivirus Symposium. 9, Davis, États-Unis, 9 November 2019/13 November 2019.

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Abstract : Endogenous viral elements (EVE) can be used as 'fossil records' to reveal the genomic features of long extinct virus species. Although numerous known instances exist of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) genomes becoming stably integrated within the genomes of bacteria and animals, there remain very few examples of such integration events in plants. Most of the EVEs that have been characterized so far belong to family Caulimoviridae. However the first plant EVEs to be discovered were geminivirus derived sequences in the nuclear genomes of various Nicotiana species. Since then, endogenous geminivirus-like elements (EGV) have also been identified in the genomes of several plants, including yam (several Dioscorea species), apple (Malus domestica), lettuce (Lactuca sativa), cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) and coffee (Coffea canephora). We therefore search for evidence of EGVs within 134 plant genome sequences and 797 plant transcriptome sequences. We detected homologues of geminivirus replication-associated protein (rep) genes from 17 genomes and 39 transcriptomes from angiosperms. Copy numbers of EGVs within these genomes varied widely with the highest copy numbers, approximately 1000, being found in two varieties of tea (Camellia sinensis). Phylogenetic and similarity-based analyses revealed multiple taxonomically novel geminivirus lineages, including two in Camellia species which might represent novel genera. We found that some of the Camellia and Dioscorea EGVs are transcriptionally active, and display evidence of purifying selection, suggesting that expressed geminivirus proteins were, and may still be, functionally active in certain host plants. Collectively our analysis expands the known breadth of past geminivirus diversity, provides a first large-scale view of EGV prevalence, and strengthens support for the hypothesis that EGVs impact the biology of their hosts.

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sharma Vikas, CSIR (IND)
  • Roumagnac Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-5002-6039
  • Filloux Denis, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Lefeuvre Pierre, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Teycheney Pierre-Yves, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (GLP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9754-0745
  • Martin Darren Patrick, UCT (ZAF)
  • Maumus Florian, INRA (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/594814/)

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