Effects of complex cocoa-based agroforests on citrus tree decline

Akoutou Mvondo Etienne, Ndo Eunice Golda Danièle, Tsouga Manga Milie Lionnelle, Aba'ane C.L., Abondo Bitoumou J., Manga Bella, Bidzanga Nomo Lucien, Ambang Zachée, Cilas Christian. 2020. Effects of complex cocoa-based agroforests on citrus tree decline. Crop Protection, 130:105051, 7 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Citrus are important fruit crops of high economic and ecological importance in southern Cameroon. Smallholders usually plant citrus in complex cocoa-based agroforests (CBAS). Health and productivity of citrus are generally jeopardized by a wide range of pests and diseases for which environmental conditions can be critical drivers. An assessment of the effects of two structural characteristics of CBAS on citrus tree decline (CTD) intensity and six pests and diseases that induce it was conducted in 26 farms. The study was carried out in four citrus-growing basins in the Centre Region of Cameroon between June and September 2016. Observations were made by visual recognition of CTD, as well as disease symptoms and pest damage. Their intensity or abundance was assessed using a scale ranging from 1 to 4. Depending on the situation of citrus trees in the CBAS and with regard to the upper strata, three shade level (dense, moderate and no shade), and three spatial structural patterns (aggregate, random and regular) were defined. Results showed that, CTD intensity under dense shade conditions was significantly low (P < 0.001), as compared to those in moderate and no shade conditions. Plots with aggregated or random spatial structure of citrus trees showed significantly higher CTD intensities (P < 0.001) compared to those with a regular spatial structure of citrus trees. The involvement of CBAS structural characteristics in CTD regulation has been demonstrated and could contribute to the development of an integrated management tool for citrus pests and diseases in an associated crop context.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Citrus, Agroforesterie, Maladie des plantes, Ravageur des plantes, Theobroma cacao, Culture associée, Gestion intégrée des ravageurs, Arbre d'ombrage

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Cameroun

Mots-clés libres : Integrated pest management, Shade trees, Spatial structure, Citrus diseases, Citrus pests

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
H10 - Pests of plants
H50 - Miscellaneous plant disorders

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Akoutou Mvondo Etienne, IRAD (CMR) - auteur correspondant
  • Ndo Eunice Golda Danièle, IRAD (CMR)
  • Tsouga Manga Milie Lionnelle, IRAD (CMR)
  • Aba'ane C.L., IRAD (CMR)
  • Abondo Bitoumou J., Arysta LifeScience Group (REU)
  • Manga Bella, IRAD (CMR)
  • Bidzanga Nomo Lucien, IRAD (CMR)
  • Ambang Zachée, Université de Yaoundé 1 (CMR)
  • Cilas Christian, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Bioagresseurs (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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