The belowground bacterial and fungal communities differed in their significance as microbial indicator of Moroccan carob habitats

Khassali Hamza, Baumel Alex, Mahé Frédéric, Tournier Estelle, Tisseyre Pierre, Prin Yves, Ouahmane Lahcen, Sanguin Hervé. 2020. The belowground bacterial and fungal communities differed in their significance as microbial indicator of Moroccan carob habitats. Ecological Indicators, 114:106341, 9 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Biodiversity surveys are a pre-requisite for efficient habitat conservation policies and actions, but surveys are mainly focusing on aboveground biodiversity whereas belowground biodiversity is a key component for aboveground functioning. The current study aims at identifying the belowground microbiota associated with major plant components of carob habitats sampled in the North and South Morocco. Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria and Ascomycota were the most predominant phyla, among which only a few microbial genera dominated, i.e. Rubrobacter, Microvirga (bacteria) and Alternaria, Mortierealla and Fusarium (fungi). Microbiota structure analyses revealed a significant North/South pattern for the bacterial and fungal communities, associated with specific subsets of soil properties (C/N ratio and N-P-K, CaCO3 contents, respectively). These difference are emphasized by microbial indicator taxa analysis showing contrasted significance at the kingdom level and functionality divergences characterized by fungal pathogens in the North and stress-tolerant plant-beneficial bacteria in the South. Nevertheless, a core microbiota of 138 OTUs were revealed for the association Ceratonia-Pistacia, an indicator of Mediterranean thermophilous woodlands.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Micro-organisme du sol, Sol, Microbiologie, Biodiversité, Indicateur écologique, Indicateur biologique, Ceratonia siliqua

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Maroc

Mots-clés complémentaires : microbiotes

Mots-clés libres : Biodiversity, Belowground microbiota, Ceratonia Siliqua, Microbial indicator, Metabarcoding

Classification Agris : P34 - Soil biology

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 1 (2019-) - Biodiversité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Khassali Hamza, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA)
  • Baumel Alex, IMBE (FRA)
  • Mahé Frédéric, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2808-0984
  • Tournier Estelle, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Tisseyre Pierre, IRD (FRA)
  • Prin Yves, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-3706-0045
  • Ouahmane Lahcen, Université Cadi Ayyad (MAR)
  • Sanguin Hervé, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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