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The effect of copper toxicity on synergisms and antagonisms between nutrients in grapevine plants

Marastoni L., Sandri M., Pii Y., Valentinuzzi F., Brunetto G., Bravin Matthieu, Cesco S., Mimmo T.. 2019. The effect of copper toxicity on synergisms and antagonisms between nutrients in grapevine plants. In : Rhizosphere 5 abstract book. University of Saskatchewan. Saskatoon : University of Saskatchewan, pp. 142-143. Rhizosphere 5, Saskatoon, Brunei, 8 July 2019/11 July 2019.

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Abstract : Copper (Cu) accumulation in soils can induce toxicity and nutrient imbalances in several plant species. The aim of this work was thus to evaluate the effect of Cu toxicity on two grapevine rootstocks, Fercal and 196.17, and to elucidate if intercropping with oat can alleviate grapevine Cu toxicity using hydroponic trials and rhizobox experiments. The hydroponic trial revealed that Cu-induced root exudation was correlated with genes expression (VvPEZlike); furthermore the ionome analysis revealed that both mono- and intercropped L96.t7 rootstocks display a synergistic effect on Zn and Mn in the root tissues at high Cu concentrations. An increase of Zn and Mn in roots was also reported for the intercropped FercaJ rootstock at high Cu concentrations while an antagonistic relation was observed for root Zn in the monocropped Fercal rootstock. The rhizobox experiments further confirmed these results showing a different nutrient concentration depending on the rootstock and on the soil characteristics. lndeed, Cu availability is shaped by rhizosphere processes, which depend on soil properties and/or the co-cultivation of different plant species. The soil-based experiments revealed that nutrient availability and dissolved organic carbon including root exudates differ depending on soil properties and the rootstock rather than on the cultivation system, ln particular, we did not observe any apparent competition between the two plant species in the alkaline soil; on the other hand, in the acid soil, the intercropping revealed a beneficial etfect reducing the available Cu in the rhizosphere. Our results revealed that Fercal rootstock is able to take advantage from oat, while 196.17 seems disadvantaged by the intercropping system. Yet, even though the intercropping system seems to be a valuable tool to counteract grapevine Cu toxicity, the application of this agricultural practice has shown to be species and mostly soil type dependent and should be evaluated for each rootstock.

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Marastoni L., UNIBZ (ITA)
  • Sandri M., UNIBZ (ITA)
  • Pii Y., UNIBZ (ITA)
  • Valentinuzzi F., UNIBZ (ITA)
  • Brunetto G., Federal University of Santa Maria (BRA)
  • Bravin Matthieu, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Recyclage et risque (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-1436-7837
  • Cesco S., UNIBZ (ITA)
  • Mimmo T., UNIBZ (ITA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/595731/)

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