The global forest transition as a human affair

Garcia Claude A., Savilaakso Sini, Verburg René, Gutierrez Victoria, Wilson Sarah, Krug Cornelia B., Sassen Marieke, Robinson Brian E., Moersberger Hannah, Naimi Babak, Rhemtulla Jeanine M., Dessard Hélène, Gond Valéry, Vermeulen Cédric, Trolliet Franck, Oszwald Johan, Quétier Fabien, Pietsch Stephan, Bastin Jean-François, Dray Anne, Araújo Miguel B., Ghazoul Jaboury, Waeber Patrick O.. 2020. The global forest transition as a human affair. One Earth, 2 (5) : pp. 417-428.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
Published version - Anglais
License Licence Creative Commons.

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Abstract : Forests across the world stand at a crossroads where climate and land-use changes are shaping their future. Despite demonstrations of political will and global efforts, forest loss, fragmentation, and degradation continue unabated. No clear evidence exists to suggest that these initiatives are working. A key reason for this apparent ineffectiveness could lie in the failure to recognize the agency of all stakeholders involved. Landscapes do not happen. We shape them. Forest transitions are social and behavioral before they are ecological. Decision makers need to integrate better representations of people's agency in their mental models. A possible pathway to overcome this barrier involves eliciting mental models behind policy decisions to allow better representation of human agency, changing perspectives to better understand divergent points of view, and refining strategies through explicit theories of change. Games can help decision makers in all of these tasks.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : conservation des forêts, Changement social, partie intéressée, Prise de décision, Participation sociale

Mots-clés libres : Forest transition, Telecoupling, Sustainable transformation, Polarization, Agency, Bounded rationality, Role-playing games, Decision making, Epiphany learning, Companion modeling, Theory of change

Classification Agris : K01 - Forestry - General aspects
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 2 (2019-) - Transitions agroécologiques

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Garcia Claude A., CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (CHE) ORCID: 0000-0002-7351-0226 - auteur correspondant
  • Savilaakso Sini, University of Helsinki (FIN)
  • Verburg René, Utrecht University (NLD)
  • Gutierrez Victoria, WeForest (GBR)
  • Wilson Sarah, University of Connecticut (USA)
  • Krug Cornelia B., University of Zurich (CHE)
  • Sassen Marieke, Wageningen University (NLD)
  • Robinson Brian E., McGill University (CAN)
  • Moersberger Hannah, Université Paris-Sorbonne (FRA)
  • Naimi Babak, University of Helsinki (FIN)
  • Rhemtulla Jeanine M., University of British Columbia (CAN)
  • Dessard Hélène, CIRAD-ES-UPR Forêts et sociétés (FRA)
  • Gond Valéry, CIRAD-ES-UPR Forêts et sociétés (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-0080-3140
  • Vermeulen Cédric, Université de Liège (BEL)
  • Trolliet Franck, FSC International (DEU)
  • Oszwald Johan, Université de Rennes 2 (FRA)
  • Quétier Fabien, Biotope (FRA)
  • Pietsch Stephan, IIASA (AUT)
  • Bastin Jean-François, University of Ghent (BEL)
  • Dray Anne, ETH (CHE)
  • Araújo Miguel B., Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (ESP)
  • Ghazoul Jaboury, ETH (CHE)
  • Waeber Patrick O., ETH (CHE)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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