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Eradication of Peste des Petits Ruminants virus and the wildlife-livestock interface

Fine Amanda E., Pruvot Mathieu, Benfield Camilla T.O., Caron Alexandre, Cattoli Giovanni, Chardonnet Philippe, Dioli Maurizio, Dulu Thomas, Gilbert Martin, Kock Michael, Lubroth Juan, Mariner Jeffrey C., Ostrowski Stéphane, Parida Satya, Fereidouni Sasan R., Shiilegdamba Enkee, Sleeman Jonathan M., Schulz Claudia, Soula Jean-Jacques, Van der Stede Yves, Tekola Berhe G., Walzer Chris, Zuther Steffen, Njeumi Felix. 2020. Eradication of Peste des Petits Ruminants virus and the wildlife-livestock interface. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7:50, 8 p.

Journal article ; Article de synthèse ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Abstract : Growing evidence suggests that multiple wildlife species can be infected with peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV), with important consequences for the potential maintenance of PPRV in communities of susceptible hosts, and the threat that PPRV may pose to the conservation of wildlife populations and resilience of ecosystems. Significant knowledge gaps in the epidemiology of PPRV across the ruminant community (wildlife and domestic), and the understanding of infection in wildlife and other atypical host species groups (e.g., camelidae, suidae, and bovinae) hinder our ability to apply necessary integrated disease control and management interventions at the wildlife-livestock interface. Similarly, knowledge gaps limit the inclusion of wildlife in the FAO/OIE Global Strategy for the Control and Eradication of PPR, and the framework of activities in the PPR Global Eradication Programme that lays the foundation for eradicating PPR through national and regional efforts. This article reports on the first international meeting on, “Controlling PPR at the livestock-wildlife interface,” held in Rome, Italy, March 27–29, 2019. A large group representing national and international institutions discussed recent advances in our understanding of PPRV in wildlife, identified knowledge gaps and research priorities, and formulated recommendations. The need for a better understanding of PPRV epidemiology at the wildlife-livestock interface to support the integration of wildlife into PPR eradication efforts was highlighted by meeting participants along with the reminder that PPR eradication and wildlife conservation need not be viewed as competing priorities, but instead constitute two requisites of healthy socio-ecological systems.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Virus peste petits ruminants, Peste des petits ruminants, Éradication des maladies, Épidémiologie, Animal sauvage, Bétail, Interactions biologiques

Mots-clés libres : Wildlife-livestock interface, Peste des petits ruminants, Africa, Wildlife conservation, One Health EcoHealth

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Commission

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Fine Amanda E., Wildlife Conservation Society (VNM) - auteur correspondant
  • Pruvot Mathieu, Wildlife Conservation Society (UGA)
  • Benfield Camilla T.O., Royal Veterinary College (GBR)
  • Caron Alexandre, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (MOZ) ORCID: 0000-0002-5213-3273
  • Cattoli Giovanni, IAEA (AUT)
  • Chardonnet Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Dioli Maurizio
  • Dulu Thomas, Ministry of Agriculture (KEN)
  • Gilbert Martin, College of Veterinary Medicine (USA)
  • Kock Michael, Wildlife Conservation Society (USA)
  • Lubroth Juan, FAO (ITA)
  • Mariner Jeffrey C., ILRI (KEN)
  • Ostrowski Stéphane, Wildlife Conservation Society (USA)
  • Parida Satya, The Pirbright Institute (GBR)
  • Fereidouni Sasan R., Federal Research Institute for Animal Health (DEU)
  • Shiilegdamba Enkee, Wildlife Conservation Society (KHM)
  • Sleeman Jonathan M., National Wildlife Health Center (USA)
  • Schulz Claudia, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover (DEU)
  • Soula Jean-Jacques, FAO (ITA)
  • Van der Stede Yves, EFSA (ITA)
  • Tekola Berhe G., FAO (ITA)
  • Walzer Chris, Wildlife Conservation Society (USA)
  • Zuther Steffen, Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan (KAZ)
  • Njeumi Felix, FAO (ITA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/596074/)

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