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Diversity and toxigenicity of fungi that cause pineapple fruitlet core rot

Barral Bastien, Chillet Marc, Doizy Anna, Grassi Maeva, Ragot Laetitia, Lechaudel Mathieu, Durand Noel, Rose Lindy Joy, Viljoen Altus, Schorr-Galindo Sabine. 2020. Diversity and toxigenicity of fungi that cause pineapple fruitlet core rot. Toxins, 12 (5):339, 16 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Abstract : The identity of the fungi responsible for fruitlet core rot (FCR) disease in pineapple has been the subject of investigation for some time. This study describes the diversity and toxigenic potential of fungal species causing FCR in La Reunion, an island in the Indian Ocean. One-hundred-and-fifty fungal isolates were obtained from infected and healthy fruitlets on Reunion Island and exclusively correspond to two genera of fungi: Fusarium and Talaromyces. The genus Fusarium made up 79% of the isolates, including 108 F. ananatum, 10 F. oxysporum, and one F. proliferatum. The genus Talaromyces accounted for 21% of the isolated fungi, which were all Talaromyces stollii. As the isolated fungal strains are potentially mycotoxigenic, identification and quantification of mycotoxins were carried out on naturally or artificially infected diseased fruits and under in vitro cultures of potential toxigenic isolates. Fumonisins B1 and B2 (FB1-FB2) and beauvericin (BEA) were found in infected fruitlets of pineapple and in the culture media of Fusarium species. Regarding the induction of mycotoxin in vitro, F. proliferatum produced 182 mg kg⁻1 of FB1 and F. oxysporum produced 192 mg kg⁻1 of BEA. These results provide a better understanding of the causal agents of FCR and their potential risk to pineapple consumers.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Ananas comosus, Maladie fongique, Fusarium, Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium proliferatum, Talaromyces, Mycotoxine, Fumonisine

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Réunion

Mots-clés complémentaires : Maladie des tâches noires de l'ananas, Pineapple Fruitlet Core Rot disease (FCR), Talaromyces stollii, fusarium ananatum

Mots-clés libres : Fusarium ananatum, Talaromyces stollii, Fumonisins, Beauvericin, Ananas comosus

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Barral Bastien, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (REU) - auteur correspondant
  • Chillet Marc, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (REU)
  • Doizy Anna, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-2866-6918
  • Grassi Maeva, Université de Montpellier (FRA)
  • Ragot Laetitia, Université de Montpellier (FRA)
  • Lechaudel Mathieu, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (GLP) ORCID: 0000-0002-1108-8357
  • Durand Noel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-1627-6848
  • Rose Lindy Joy, Stellenbosch University (ZAF)
  • Viljoen Altus, Stellenbosch University (ZAF)
  • Schorr-Galindo Sabine, UM2 (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/596592/)

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