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Patterns of foraging activity and fidelity in a Southeast Asian flying fox

Schloesing Elodie, Chambon Rémi, Tran Annelise, Choden Kinley, Ravon Sébastien, Epstein Jonathan H., Hoem Thavry, Furey Neil M., Labadie Morgane, Bourgarel Mathieu, De Nys Hélène, Caron Alexandre, Cappelle Julien. 2020. Patterns of foraging activity and fidelity in a Southeast Asian flying fox. Movement Ecology, 8:46, 13 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Url - jeu de données : https://doi.org/10.5441/001/1.j25661td

Abstract : Background: Improved understanding of the foraging ecology of bats in the face of ongoing habitat loss and modification worldwide is essential to their conservation and maintaining the substantial ecosystem services they provide. It is also fundamental to assessing potential transmission risks of zoonotic pathogens in human-wildlife interfaces. We evaluated the influence of environmental and behavioral variables on the foraging patterns of Pteropus lylei (a reservoir of Nipah virus) in a heterogeneous landscape in Cambodia. Methods: We employed an approach based on animal-movement modeling, which comprised a path-segmentation method (hidden Markov model) to identify individual foraging-behavior sequences in GPS data generated by eight P. lylei. We characterized foraging localities, foraging activity, and probability of returning to a given foraging locality over consecutive nights. Generalized linear mixed models were also applied to assess the influence of several variables including proxies for energetic costs and quality of foraging areas. Results: Bats performed few foraging bouts (area-restricted searches) during a given night, mainly in residential areas, and the duration of these decreased during the night. The probability of a bat revisiting a given foraging area within 48 h varied according to the duration previously spent there, its distance to the roost site, and the corresponding habitat type. We interpret these fine-scale patterns in relation to global habitat quality (including food-resource quality and predictability), habitat-familiarity and experience of each individual. Conclusions: Our study provides evidence that heterogeneous human-made environments may promote complex patterns of foraging-behavior and short-term re-visitation in fruit bat species that occur in such landscapes. This highlights the need for similarly detailed studies to understand the processes that maintain biodiversity in these environments and assess the potential for pathogen transmission in human-wildlife interfaces.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Pterophoridae, Recherche de nourriture, Écologie animale, Comportement animal, Comportement alimentaire, Schéma alimentaire, habitat, Transmission des maladies

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Asie du Sud-Est, Cambodge

Mots-clés complémentaires : Pteropus lylei, modèle de Markov caché

Mots-clés libres : GPS, Hidden Markov Models, Movement ecology, Pteropus, Southeast Asia

Classification Agris : L20 - Animal ecology
L51 - Animal physiology - Nutrition
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 1 (2019-) - Biodiversité

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Commission

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Schloesing Elodie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Chambon Rémi, Université de Rennes (FRA)
  • Tran Annelise, CIRAD-ES-UMR TETIS (REU) ORCID: 0000-0001-5463-332X
  • Choden Kinley, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Ravon Sébastien, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Epstein Jonathan H., EcoHealth Alliance (USA)
  • Hoem Thavry, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Furey Neil M., Fauna and Flora International (KHM)
  • Labadie Morgane, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (COG)
  • Bourgarel Mathieu, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (ZWE) ORCID: 0000-0001-9774-7669
  • De Nys Hélène, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2942-4531
  • Caron Alexandre, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (MOZ) ORCID: 0000-0002-5213-3273
  • Cappelle Julien, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-7668-1971

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/596886/)

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