Emerging threats linking tropical deforestation and the COVID-19 pandemic

Brancalion Pedro H.S., Broadbent Eben North, de-Miguel Sergio, Cardil Adrián, Rosa Marcos R., Almeida Catherine T., Almeida Danilo R.A., Chakravarty Shourish, Zhou Mo, Gamarra Javier Garcia Perez, Liang Jingjing, Crouzeilles Renato, Herault Bruno, Aragao Luiz E.O.C., Silva Carlos Alberto, Almeyda-Zambrano Angelica M.. 2020. Emerging threats linking tropical deforestation and the COVID-19 pandemic. Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation, 18 (4) : pp. 243-246.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
License Licence Creative Commons.

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Abstract : Tropical deforestation drivers are complex and can change rapidly in periods of profound societal transformation, such as those during a pandemic. Evidence suggests that the COVID-19 pandemic has spurred illegal, opportunistic forest clearing in tropical countries, threatening forest ecosystems and their resident human communities. A total of 9583 km2 of deforestation alerts from Global Land Analysis & Discovery (GLAD) were detected across the global tropics during the first month following the implementation of confinement measures of local governments to reduce COVID-19 spread, which is nearly double that of 2019 (4732 km2). We present a conceptual framework linking tropical deforestation and the current pandemic. Zoonotic diseases, public health, economy, agriculture, and forests may all be reciprocally linked in complex positive and negative feedback loops with overarching consequences. We highlight the emerging threats to nature and society resulting from this complex reciprocal interplay and possible policy interventions that could minimize these threats.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Déboisement, forêt tropicale, COVID-19, Politique de l'environnement, dégradation des forêts, exploitation forestière illégale, Pratique illégale, zoonose, Évaluation impact sur environnement, relation homme-faune

Mots-clés complémentaires : Déforestation

Mots-clés libres : Tropical forests, Land use change, Deforestation drivers, Coronavirus, Zoonotic diseases, Environmental policy

Classification Agris : K70 - Forest injuries and protection
S50 - Human health
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Brancalion Pedro H.S., Universidade de São Paulo (BRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Broadbent Eben North, University of Florida (USA)
  • de-Miguel Sergio, Universitat de Lleida (ESP)
  • Cardil Adrián, Universitat de Lleida (ESP)
  • Rosa Marcos R., Universidade de São Paulo (BRA)
  • Almeida Catherine T., Universidade de São Paulo (BRA)
  • Almeida Danilo R.A., Universidade de São Paulo (BRA)
  • Chakravarty Shourish, Purdue University (USA)
  • Zhou Mo, Purdue University (USA)
  • Gamarra Javier Garcia Perez, International Consultant on forestry Statistics (ITA)
  • Liang Jingjing, Purdue University (USA)
  • Crouzeilles Renato, International Institute for Sustainability (BRA)
  • Herault Bruno, CIRAD-ES-UPR Forêts et sociétés (CIV) ORCID: 0000-0002-6950-7286
  • Aragao Luiz E.O.C., University of Exeter (GBR)
  • Silva Carlos Alberto, University of Maryland (USA)
  • Almeyda-Zambrano Angelica M., University of Florida (USA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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