Global trends in marine plankton diversity across kingdoms of life

Ibarbalz Federico M., Henry Nicolas, Martini Séverine, Busseni Greta, Byme Hannah, Coelho Luis Pedro, Endo Hisashi, Gasol Josep M., Gregory Ann C., Mahé Frédéric, Rigonato Janaina, Royo-Llonch Marta, Salazar Guillem, Sanz-Sáez Isabel, Scalco Eleonora, Soviadan Dodji, Zayed Ahmed A., Zingone Adriana, Labadie Karine, Ferland Joannie, et al.. 2019. Global trends in marine plankton diversity across kingdoms of life. Cell, 179 (5) : pp. 1084-1097.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
Published version - Anglais
License Licence Creative Commons.

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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY / Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : CELL BIOLOGY

Abstract : The ocean is home to myriad small planktonic organisms that underpin the functioning of marine ecosystems. However, their spatial patterns of diversity and the underlying drivers remain poorly known, precluding projections of their responses to global changes. Here we investigate the latitudinal gradients and global predictors of plankton diversity across archaea, bacteria, eukaryotes, and major virus clades using both molecular and imaging data from Tara Oceans. We show a decline of diversity for most planktonic groups toward the poles, mainly driven by decreasing ocean temperatures. Projections into the future suggest that severe warming of the surface ocean by the end of the 21st century could lead to tropicalization of the diversity of most planktonic groups in temperate and polar regions. These changes may have multiple consequences for marine ecosystem functioning and services and are expected to be particularly significant in key areas for carbon sequestration, fisheries, and marine conservation.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Plancton, Biodiversité, Écosystème marin, Impact sur l'environnement, Conservation de la diversité biologique, Changement climatique, Réchauffement global

Mots-clés libres : Plankton functional groups, Macroecology, Latitudinal diversity gradient, Temperature, Climate warming, Tara Oceans, Trans-kingdom diversity, High-throughput sequencing, High-throughput imaging

Classification Agris : M40 - Aquatic ecology
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 1 (2019-) - Biodiversité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ibarbalz Federico M., IBENS (FRA)
  • Henry Nicolas, Université Paris-Sorbonne (FRA)
  • Martini Séverine, Université Paris-Sorbonne (FRA)
  • Busseni Greta, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn (ITA)
  • Byme Hannah, Havard University (USA)
  • Coelho Luis Pedro, Fudan University (CHN)
  • Endo Hisashi, Kyoto University (JPN)
  • Gasol Josep M., Institute of Marine Sciences (ESP)
  • Gregory Ann C., Ohio State University (USA)
  • Mahé Frédéric, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2808-0984
  • Rigonato Janaina, CEA (FRA)
  • Royo-Llonch Marta, Institute of Marine Sciences (ESP)
  • Salazar Guillem, ETH (CHE)
  • Sanz-Sáez Isabel, Institute of Marine Sciences (ESP)
  • Scalco Eleonora, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn (ITA)
  • Soviadan Dodji, Université Paris-Sorbonne (FRA)
  • Zayed Ahmed A., Edith Cowan University (AUS)
  • Zingone Adriana, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn (ITA)
  • Labadie Karine, Genoscope (FRA)
  • Ferland Joannie, Université de Laval (CAN)
  • et al.

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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