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Climate change impact and variability on cereal productivity among smallholder farmers under future production systems in west Africa

MacCarthy Dilys Sefakor, Adam Myriam, Freduah Bright Salah, Fosu-Mensah Benedicta Yayra, Ampim Peter A. Y., Ly Mouhamed, Traoré Pierre Sibiry, Adiku Samuel G.K.. 2021. Climate change impact and variability on cereal productivity among smallholder farmers under future production systems in west Africa. Sustainability, 13 (9):5191, 22 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Abstract : Agriculture in West Africa is constrained by several yield-limiting factors, such as poor soil fertility, erratic rainfall distributions and low input systems. Projected changes in climate, thus, pose a threat since crop production is mainly rain-fed. The impact of climate change and its variation on the productivity of cereals in smallholder settings under future production systems in Navrongo, Ghana and Nioro du Rip, Senegal was assessed in this study. Data on management practices obtained from household surveys and projected agricultural development pathways (through stakeholder engagements), soil data, weather data (historical: 1980–2009 and five General Circulation Models; mid-century time slice 2040–2069 for two Representative Concentration Pathways; 4.5 and 8.5) were used for the impact assessment, employing a crop simulation model. Ensemble maize yield changes under the sustainable agricultural development pathway (SDP) were −13 and −16%, while under the unsustainable development pathway (USDP), yield changes were −19 and −20% in Navrongo and Nioro du Rip, respectively. The impact on sorghum and millet were lower than that on maize. Variations in climate change impact among smallholders were high with relative standard deviations (RSD) of between 14% and 60% across the cereals with variability being higher under the USDP, except for millet. Agricultural production systems with higher intensification but with less emphasis on soil conservation (USDP) will be more negatively impacted by climate change compared to relatively sustainable ones (SDP).

Mots-clés Agrovoc : productivité agricole, impact économique, Changement climatique, Rendement des cultures, Plante céréalière, Système de production, exploitant agricole, Petite exploitation agricole

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique occidentale, Ghana, Sénégal

Mots-clés libres : Climate Change, DSSAT, Model, West Africa, Smallholder

Classification Agris : P40 - Meteorology and climatology
F01 - Crops

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 6 (2019-) - Changement climatique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • MacCarthy Dilys Sefakor, University of Ghana (GHA) - auteur correspondant
  • Adam Myriam, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-8873-6762
  • Freduah Bright Salah, University of Ghana (GHA)
  • Fosu-Mensah Benedicta Yayra, University of Ghana (GHA)
  • Ampim Peter A. Y., Prairie View A&M University (USA)
  • Ly Mouhamed, University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar (SEN)
  • Traoré Pierre Sibiry, ICRISAT (MLI)
  • Adiku Samuel G.K., University of Ghana (GHA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/598266/)

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