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Impacts on nontarget insects of a new insecticide compound used against the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal 1775)

Balança Gilles, De Visscher Marie-Noël. 1997. Impacts on nontarget insects of a new insecticide compound used against the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal 1775). Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 32 : pp. 58-62.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
Full text not available from this repository.

Autre titre : Impacts sur les insectes non cibles d'un nouveau composé insecticide utilisé contre le criquet du desert Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal 1775)

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : In 1994, the effects of fipronil, a new insecticide compound of the phenyl-pyrazol chemical group, was tested against desert locusts during a field experiment in Mauritania. The impacts of these spray treatments on nontarget Coleoptera and Hymenoptera were also studied. In relation to organophosphorous insecticides usually used against grasshoppers and locusts, fipronil appeared more effective and persistent. Similar results were obtained for nontarget Carabidae and Tenebrionidie which were almost totally eliminated from the treated plot. The effects on Hymenoptera varied according the family; Scelionidae and Sphecidae seemed to be more affected than Apoidea. Positive and negative aspects of fipronil treatments are discussed. Appearing as one of the most convenient insecticides to successfully present locust outbreaks, at a very early stage of invasion under Saharan conditions, fipronil simultaneously induces heavy mortality in some nontarget insect groups. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Insecta, Schistocerca gregaria, Insecticide, Effet résiduel, Effet secondaire, Lutte anti-insecte

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Mauritanie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Fipronil

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
T01 - Pollution

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Balança Gilles, CIRAD-GERDAT-PRIFAS (FRA)
  • De Visscher Marie-Noël, CIRAD-GERDAT-PRIFAS (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/389525/)

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