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Effets de la litière et du travail du sol sur la fertilité des sols sableux sous Eucalyptus de replantation au Congo

Nzila J.D.D., Bouillet Jean-Pierre, Hamel Olivier. 1998. Effets de la litière et du travail du sol sur la fertilité des sols sableux sous Eucalyptus de replantation au Congo. In : Congrès mondial des sciences du sol = World congress of soil science ; Congreso mundial de la ciencia del suelo. AISS, AFES. Montpellier : CIRAD, pp. 1-8. Congrès Mondial de Science du Sol. 16, Montpellier, France, 20 August 1998/26 August 1998.

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Titre anglais : Effects of litter and soil preparation on the fertility of sandy soils under Eucalyptus replantation in the Congo

Abstract : In the Congo, about 43,000 ha #Eucalyptus# hybrids have been planted in the Kouilou savannah since 1978. This has been done on higly desatured ferrallitic, sandy and chemically very poor soils. An area of 1,000 ha have been already replanted and this area will highly increase in the next future. The replanting leads to new silvicultural issues. After harvesting a stand is characterized by interrows with slash residues (SI), interrows where logs are stocked (LI) and unloading interrows (UI). This heterogeneousness has to be managed for replanting i.e. slash hampers, the soil preparation of SI and the compaction of UI is suspected to limit tree growth. A trial was therefore established to test crossed effects of litter management (control, burning, litter burried with a disc harrow) and site preparation (pitting, subsoiling using 1 tine, subsoiling using 3 tines). After 11 months the results are follows : (1) The best treatment is "burning + subsoiling using 3 tine"; compared to the control treatment the gain is more than 1 meter in height (6.64 m vs 5.43 m) and 3.5 cm in girth (18.57 cm vs 14.94 cm); (2) The interaction "litter management"*"site preparation" is not significant; (3) The mains effect "burning" and "subsoiling using 3 tines" are significantly better

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus tereticornis, Eucalyptus grandis, Replantation, Hybride, Croissance, Litière forestière, Sous solage, Fertilité du sol, Sol sableux

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Congo

Classification Agris : P35 - Soil fertility
P34 - Soil biology
K10 - Forestry production

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Nzila J.D.D.
  • Bouillet Jean-Pierre, CIRAD-FORET-PLANTATIONS (COG)
  • Hamel Olivier, CIRAD-FORET-DIR (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/465509/)

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