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Comparison of somatic embryogenesis-derived coffee (Coffea arabica L.) plantlets regenerated in vitro or ex vitro: morphological, mineral and water characteristics

Barry-Etienne Dominique, Bertrand Benoît, Vasquez Nelly, Etienne Hervé. 2002. Comparison of somatic embryogenesis-derived coffee (Coffea arabica L.) plantlets regenerated in vitro or ex vitro: morphological, mineral and water characteristics. Annals of Botany, 90 (1) : pp. 77-85.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Coffea arabica L. plantlets obtained ex vitro after sowing somatic embryos produced in a bioreactor in horticultural substrate were compared with those obtained in vitro from the same embryo population under conventional culturing conditions on semi-solid media. The intensity and quality of aerial and root system development were compared. Shoot emergence was more efficient in vitro but rooting frequencies were low. In contrast, all ex vitro-regenerated embryos rooted. The cotyledon area of mature embryos produced in a bioreactor positively affected plantlet development when regeneration was carried out ex vitro. Embryos with an intermediate cotyledon area (0-86 cm2) had the highest rates of plant conversion ex vitro (63%), and also resulted in vigorous plantlets. Mortality was higher in nursery conditions, but better plant development was obtained. The quality of plantlets produced under ex vitro conditions was reflected in better growth of the aerial and root systems, and also by similar morphological, mineral and water status characteristics to seedlings. Unlike roots formed on semi-solid media, those produced in soil were branched, fine (30-50% had a diameter of less than 0.5 mm) and they bore root hairs. Leaves of plantlets regenerated ex vitro had a histological structure similar to that of seedling leaves, and a lower stomatal density (100 vs. 233 mm-2). Moreover, they were more turgid, as indicated by higher pressure potential (0-91 vs. 0.30 MPa) and relative water content values (97 vs. 93%). Furthermore, under in vitro conditions, leaves had larger stomata which were abnormally round and raised. Direct sowing of germinated somatic embryos resulted in the rapid production of vigorous plantlets; under ex vitro conditions, whilst removing the need for problematical and costly conventional acclimatization procedures. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea arabica, Plantule, Embryogénèse somatique, Régénération in vitro, Bioréacteur, Adaptation, Développement embryonnaire, Système racinaire, Analyse de tissus

Classification Agris : F02 - Plant propagation
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Barry-Etienne Dominique, CATIE (CRI)
  • Bertrand Benoît, CIRAD-CP-CAFE (CRI)
  • Vasquez Nelly, CATIE (CRI)
  • Etienne Hervé, CIRAD-CP-CAFE (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : CD_BR11046 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; CD_BR11047 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; CD_PE871 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/508357/)

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