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Molecular epidemiology of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia by multilocus sequence analysis of Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides biotype SC strains

Lorenzon Sophie, Arzul Isabelle, Peyraud Armelle, Hendrikx Pascal, Thiaucourt François. 2003. Molecular epidemiology of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia by multilocus sequence analysis of Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides biotype SC strains. Veterinary Microbiology, 93 : pp. 319-333.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is a bacterial disease caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC (MmmSC), and included in list A of the Office International des Epizooties. It is one of the major constraints to cattle raising in sub-Saharan and south-westem Africa and also a threat to all countries currently free of the disease. MmmSC strains were considered very homogeneous until 1995, when various techniques such as enzymatic restriction of whole DNA or Southern blotting showed that this was not the case. These techniques are unfortunately difficult to standardize and require the extraction of DNA from an MmrnSC culture. We therefore decided to investigate the possibility of constructing a molecular epidemiology tool based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) with PCR amplification of various loci followed by sequencing. Six loci were found suitable for this purpose and an additional PCR was designed to detect the presence of an 8.8 kb deletion described by others in some strains. Fifteen different MLSA profiles were evidenced in our study. They allowed a clear distinction between European, south-western African and sub-Saharan strains. In addition, the results obtained on strain PO 1967 confirmed its European origin, even though it does not exhibit the 8.8 kb deletion. This new tool for contagious bovine pleuropneumonia may prove particularly useful for identifying MmmSC strains in countries at risk from contamination. It can also easily be refined by adding more strains or other loci of interest. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Péripneumonie contagieuse bovine, Mycoplasma mycoides, Analyse biologique, Épidémiologie, Séquence d'acides aminés

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lorenzon Sophie, CIRAD-EMVT-SANTE ANIMALE (FRA)
  • Arzul Isabelle
  • Peyraud Armelle, CIRAD-EMVT-SANTE ANIMALE (FRA)
  • Hendrikx Pascal, Ministère de l'agriculture (France) (FRA)
  • Thiaucourt François, CIRAD-EMVT-SANTE ANIMALE (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : BA_PEBA807 [(Bibliothèque de Baillarguet)] ; BA_BR2487 [(Bibliothèque de Baillarguet)] ; BA_BR2488 [(Bibliothèque de Baillarguet)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/514320/)

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