Participatory modeling for managing rainfed lowland rice varieties and seed system in lower northeast Thailand

Vejpas Chirawat, Bousquet François, Naivinit Warong, Trébuil Guy, Srisombat Nuanchan. 2004. Participatory modeling for managing rainfed lowland rice varieties and seed system in lower northeast Thailand. In : Mekong Rice Conference, 15-17 october 2004, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet-Nam. IRRI. Metro Manila : IRRI, pp. 1-15. Mekong Rice Conference, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, 15 October 2004/17 October 2004.

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Abstract : Rice varieties and seed management involve a complex system dealing with various problems such as variety adoption, agro-biodiversity conservation, and quality seed supply. A participatory modeling experiment on rainfed lowland rice variety and seed management in lower northeast Thailand has been launched to better understand the system and its problems. Conceptual modeling was done through inter-institutional research team meetings, stakeholder analysis, surveying of stratified randomly sampled farmers and seed supply agents in Ubon Ratchathani Province, and by conceiving and using role-playing games (RPGs) with stakeholders. The system to be analyzed was divided into three subsystems, i.e. farmers' decision making regarding the choice of rice varieties, farmers' management of rice seeds, and the seed supply sub-system. A first RPG focusing on the first two subsystems was used with 25 farmers in two different gaming sessions. Observations and findings from the RPG helped to validate and to improve the conceptual model prepared by the research team. It also builds a shared understanding of farmers' rice varieties and seed management. Limited access to information about varieties and seeds, the need for early maturing varieties, and the scarcity of quality seeds were identified as current constraints of the system. A second RPG representing the seed supply subsystem is being conceived. Later on, a multi-agent system model of the whole system will also be developed and used to simulate scenarios identified by stakeholders and to discuss their results to facilitate collective learning and improvement of the current situation. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza, Variété, Semence, Prise de décision, Modèle de simulation, approches participatives

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Thaïlande

Mots-clés complémentaires : Système multiagents

Classification Agris : U10 - Mathematical and statistical methods
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Vejpas Chirawat, Ubon Ratchathani University (THA)
  • Bousquet François, CIRAD-TERA-REV (THA) ORCID: 0000-0002-4552-3724
  • Naivinit Warong, Ubon Ratchathani University (THA)
  • Trébuil Guy, CIRAD-CA-CALIM (THA) ORCID: 0000-0002-1370-4731
  • Srisombat Nuanchan, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (Thaïlande) (THA)

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