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Libéralisation, agriculture et pauvreté : se peut-il que les bénéfices de la libéralisation soient absorbés par l'imperfection des marchés ?

Ayouz Mourad, Boussard Jean-Marc, Gérard Françoise, Piketty Marie-Gabrielle, Voituriez Tancrède. 2004. Libéralisation, agriculture et pauvreté : se peut-il que les bénéfices de la libéralisation soient absorbés par l'imperfection des marchés ?. OCL. Oléagineux Corps gras Lipides, 11 (4-5) : pp. 345-353.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
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Titre anglais : Liberalization, agriculture and poverty: may it be that the benefit of liberalization are absorbed by the imperfection of the markets?

Abstract : The standard way for fighting rural poverty and improving food production efficiency is to move toward free trade. However as underlined by several economists, markets imperfections may hamper the positive impact of trade liberalization. In this paper, the consequences of imperfect information on agricultural markets are evaluated through the results of two versions of a wold dynamic CGE model: one is based on standard markets equilibrium assumption for each product and factor, while the other includes imperfect information on agricultural commodities markets. Impacts on GDP performances and on household walfares for selected countries are presented. It appears that in the case o f imperfect information most of the gains related to comparative advantages vanish, due to highly fluctuating agricultrual prices. Then it is impossible for economic actors to predict prices accurately enough to take efficient decisions and policies able to reduce this imperfection may improve the global welfare (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Pauvreté, Libéralisation des échanges, Commerce international, Marché des produits de base, Modèle mathématique, Modèle dynamique, Revenu, Bien-être social, Économie domestique, situation économique

Mots-clés complémentaires : Modèle d'équilibre général, Impact économique, Impact social

Classification Agris : E71 - International trade
E51 - Rural population
E80 - Home economics and crafts

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ayouz Mourad, CIRAD-AMIS-ECOPOL (FRA)
  • Boussard Jean-Marc, INRA (FRA)
  • Gérard Françoise, CIRAD-AMIS-ECOPOL (FRA)
  • Piketty Marie-Gabrielle, CIRAD-AMIS-ECOPOL (BRA)
  • Voituriez Tancrède, CIRAD-AMIS-ECOPOL (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/524508/)

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