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Development of a long term strategy based on genetic resistance and agroecological approaches against Coffee Wilt Disease in Africa : Fourth annual report: Covering period 1/11/2004 to 31/10/2005

Bieysse Daniel. 2006. Development of a long term strategy based on genetic resistance and agroecological approaches against Coffee Wilt Disease in Africa : Fourth annual report: Covering period 1/11/2004 to 31/10/2005. s.l. : s.n., 104 p. N° de rapport : CIRAD-AMIS N° 7/2006

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Additional Information : INCO : International Scientific Cooperation Projects. Contract number ICA-CT-2001-10006

Abstract : Coffee wilt disease is the major constraint to robusta culture in the different partner countries. The disease spread quickly in Tanzania. In Ethiopia, arabica culture area, the disease remained at a very low threshold for many years, but the damage increased significantly since the end of 1990s. Consideration of the status of C. arabica is essential, because to develop resistance it is necessary to accumulate résistance genes for the two forms of the pathogen. Currently, every form of Fusarium xylarioides is species specific. But there are some indicators leading to the thinking that the evolutionary potential of the fungus can drive to emergence of new virulence with no specific species reaction. Variety resistance is considered the best option for an effective control of the coffee wilt disease and therefore the main objective of this project remains, to develop a global strategy to fighting the disease, based on durable tolerance/resistance, that is adapted to small holder agro-system and to the economic conditions prevailing in Africa. In year 4, the work carried out built on results obtained in year 3. i.e: 1- Study the genetic diversity of the pathogen with different technics. 2- Assess the aggressiveness of isolates and characterize interactions. 3- Identify coffee trees bearing resistance factors. 4- Analyse genetic diversity of Coffea canephora from Uganda. 5- Analyse disease distribution in the field. 6- Assess correlations between field resistance and artificial inoculation tests. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea canephora, Contrôle de maladies, Fusarium, Plante sauvage, Plante de culture, Épidémiologie, Pouvoir pathogène, Relation hôte pathogène, Résistance aux maladies, Variation génétique, Génotype, Marqueur génétique, Distribution spatiale, Infection expérimentale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : République-Unie de Tanzanie, Éthiopie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Fusarium xylarioides, Gène de résistance

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bieysse Daniel, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR BGPI (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/533137/)

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