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Jardín semillero de aceite de palma Cirad-Inrab en Suramérica

Adje Isaac, Omoré Alphonse, Nouy Bruno, Potier Françoise, Amblard Philippe, Flori Albert. 2007. Jardín semillero de aceite de palma Cirad-Inrab en Suramérica. Palmas, 28 (Spec) : pp. 241-255. International Oil Palm Conference. 15, Cartagena de Indias, Colombie, 19 September 2006/22 September 2006.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
Full text not available from this repository.

Titre anglais : Cirad-Inrab oil palm seed gardens in South America

Abstract : In order to further support the development of oil palm cultivation in South America, Cirad and INRAB have set up two seed gardens in Ecuador and Colombia in collaboration with two private companies, DANEC and Promotera Herrera. The plant material to be used as seed-producers was chosen so as to ensure the production of seed that accurately reproduces trial-tested high-value material. These seed gardens will make full use of the large experimental blocks (over 500 crosses in genetic trials) established between 1995 and 2000 to assess the value of 145 dura genitors and 137 Pisifera/Tenera genitors from the Pobè experimental station previously selected on the basis of inheritable characteristics. The propagation of the most promising genitors began in 2002 making use of 3-5 years data. The first plants were installed in 2004 and seed ommercialization is expected to begin in 2009. The final selection of the genitors will be carried out on the basis of their production at 6-10 years, an age at which the oil palm's yield is indicative of potential long-term production. These new seed gardens will make available several categories of seed, including improved versions of types already popular among South American planters and new ones. The material that will be reproduced has, in the ecological conditions of Northern Sumatra, exhibited a mean potential of at least 10.5 tons/ha/year of oil in trials (33t FFB/ha/yr with an Oil to Bunch of 32% in the laboratory), i.e. 8.5 tons expected in industrial conditions (31t FFB/ha/yr of bunches with an Oil Extraction Rate of 27.5 % in the oil mill). South American estates under favourable ecological conditions should be able to obtain comparable yields. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
F03 - Seed production

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Adje Isaac, INRAB (BEN)
  • Omoré Alphonse, INRAB (BEN)
  • Nouy Bruno, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique palmier (FRA)
  • Potier Françoise, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique palmier (FRA)
  • Amblard Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique palmier (FRA)
  • Flori Albert, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique palmier (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/543149/)

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