Carbon accumulation in European forests

Ciais Philippe, Schelhaas Mart-Jan, Zaehle Sönke, Piao S.L., Cescatti Alessandro, Liski Jari, Luyssaert Sebastiaan, Le Maire Guerric, Schulze Ernst-Detlef, Bouriaud Olivier, Freibauer A., Valentini Riccardo, Nabuurs G.N.. 2008. Carbon accumulation in European forests. Nature Geoscience, 1 (7) : pp. 425-429.

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Abstract : European forests are intensively exploited for wood products, yet they also form a sink for carbon. European forest inventories, available for the past 50 years, can be combined with timber harvest statistics to assess changes in this carbon sink. Analysis of these data sets between 1950 and 2000 from the EU-15 countries excluding Luxembourg, plus Norway and Switzerland, reveals that there is a tight relationship between increases in forest biomass and forest ecosystem productivity but timber harvests grew more slowly. Encouragingly, the environmental conditions in combination with the type of silviculture that has been developed over the past 50 years can efficiently sequester carbon on timescales of decades, while maintaining forests that meet the demand for wood. However, a return to using wood as biofuel and hence shorter rotations in forestry could cancel out the benefits of carbon storage over the past five decades. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : forêt tempérée, Inventaire forestier, Photosynthèse, Dioxyde de carbone, Sylviculture, Politique forestière, séquestration du carbone

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Europe

Classification Agris : K10 - Forestry production
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
E10 - Agricultural economics and policies

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ciais Philippe, CNRS (FRA)
  • Schelhaas Mart-Jan, Alterra Centrum Ecosystemen (NLD)
  • Zaehle Sönke, CNRS (FRA)
  • Piao S.L., CNRS (FRA)
  • Cescatti Alessandro, IES (ITA)
  • Liski Jari, Finnish Environment Institute (FIN)
  • Luyssaert Sebastiaan, University of Antwerp (BEL)
  • Le Maire Guerric, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5227-958X
  • Schulze Ernst-Detlef, Max Planck Institut für Biogeochemie (DEU)
  • Bouriaud Olivier, ICAS (ROU)
  • Freibauer A., Max Planck Institut für Biogeochemie (DEU)
  • Valentini Riccardo, Università degli studi della Tuscia (ITA)
  • Nabuurs G.N., Alterra Centrum Ecosystemen (NLD)

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