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Using stable isotopes to trace origin and host plants of an African polyphagous pest and an European beneficial insect

Menozzi Philippe, Ouin Annie, Achaleke Joseph, Coulon M., Sarthou Jean-Pierre, Ponsard S.. 2007. Using stable isotopes to trace origin and host plants of an African polyphagous pest and an European beneficial insect. Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences, 72 (3) : pp. 375-381.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
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Abstract : Crop protection against insect pests requires first a good knowledge of the biology and ecology of the different pest species and the associated beneficials, in particular the spatial distribution of the populations. But the movement of insect populations in the landscape remains often poorly known and in some cases does not make it possible to know the role of the various cultivated and wild habitats in the dynamics of pest and useful insects. Stable isotopes are a tool contributing to the knowledge of host plants (13carbon/12carbon) as well as geographical origin of insects (1hydrogen/2hydrogen). The analysis of stable isotopic ratios has been performed in south-western France on populations of the hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus, one of the most important predators of the cereal aphids in Europe and on West African populations of the bollworm Helicoverpa armigera, an important polyphagous pest attacking cotton and vegetables in the Old World. Methodology, preliminary results and perspectives given by stable isotopes are presented here. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants
F40 - Plant ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Menozzi Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes cotonniers (FRA)
  • Ouin Annie, INRA (FRA)
  • Achaleke Joseph, IRAD (CMR)
  • Coulon M., INRA (FRA)
  • Sarthou Jean-Pierre, INRA (FRA)
  • Ponsard S., INPT (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/547907/)

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