Characterization and evaluation of two genetic groups and value of intergroup hybrids of Cola nitida (Vent.) Schott and Endlicher

Sié Raoul Sylvère, N'Goran Jeanne A.K., Montagnon Christophe, Akaffou D.S., Cilas Christian, Dagou S., Mondeil Fanja, Charles G., Branchard M.. 2009. Characterization and evaluation of two genetic groups and value of intergroup hybrids of Cola nitida (Vent.) Schott and Endlicher. Euphytica, 167 (1) : pp. 107-112.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : HORTICULTURE / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : AGRONOMY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : The collection of Cola nitida in Côte d'Ivoire was previously classified, based on isozyme markers, into three groups named A, B and C, based on isozymic differences. In this study, morphological traits and several yield components as well as genotypic and phenotypic variabilities for vigour were investigated in groups A and B. We found that group A was characterized by a low vigour and high yield components. In contrast, group B expressed high vigour and low yield components. Intergroup hybrids were more vigorous and high yielder than intragroup hybrids. The vigour of intergroup hybrids was comparable to that of half sib commercial hybrids. Value of heterosis obtained for the yield of intergroup hybrids was 350%. It was concluded, based on our findings, that reciprocal recurrent selection in Cola nitida using plant materials of groups A and B should lead to significant improvement. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Cola

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Côte d'Ivoire

Mots-clés complémentaires : Cola nitida

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sié Raoul Sylvère, Université d'Abobo-Adjamé (CIV)
  • N'Goran Jeanne A.K., CNRA (CIV)
  • Montagnon Christophe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR RPB (MEX)
  • Akaffou D.S., Université d'Abobo-Adjamé (CIV)
  • Cilas Christian, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Bioagresseurs de pérennes (FRA)
  • Dagou S., Université d'Abobo-Adjamé (CIV)
  • Mondeil Fanja, Université de Cocody (CIV)
  • Charles G., UBO (FRA)
  • Branchard M., UBO (FRA)

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