Clonal and environmental variation of structural timbers of Eucalyptus for growth, density, and dynamic properties

Gherardi Hein Paulo Ricardo, Brancheriau Loïc, Lima Jose Tarcisio, Rosado Antônio Marcos, Gril Joseph, Chaix Gilles. 2010. Clonal and environmental variation of structural timbers of Eucalyptus for growth, density, and dynamic properties. Revista Cerne, 16 : pp. 74-81.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Titre espagnol : Variação clonal e ambiental de vigas de Eucalyptus para crescimento, densidade e propriedades dinâmicas

Quartile : Q4, Sujet : FORESTRY

Abstract : The main objective of Eucalyptus breeding programs for the pulp and paper industry is to produce varieties of trees with high levels of cellulose with the least possible amount of lignin. However, trees with these characteristics can be a major problem in the field, because of their fragility that makes them susceptible to breaking. The aim of this study was to investigate the clonal and environmental variation of the growth, wood density, and dynamic properties on large pieces of Eucalyptus wood by means of resonance technique. Here, we demonstrated that no other non-destructive technique is able to characterize the mechanical properties of wood so simply and rapidly at such low cost. The resonance technique provided a large, accurate data set of the key mechanical traits (such as the Young, the shear modulus and the loss tangent) of the wood even in lumber containing knots, small cracks and also slightly damaged areas. There were significant differences between clones and sites for height and circumference, and density of the trees. Using the dynamic elastic estimates, significant differences were detected between clones for all traits; however, no significant differences between sites were detected for dynamic modulus of elasticity. There were significant effect of interaction clone x site for circumference, height, density and shear modulus. These findings can be useful for screenings, classifications, or preliminary selections in breeding programs of Eucalyptus. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus grandis, Eucalyptus urophylla, Bois, Bois à pâte, Propriété physicochimique, Élasticité, Résistance mécanique, Densité, Croissance, Provenance, Cellulose, Variation clonale, Vibration, acoustique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Brésil

Mots-clés complémentaires : Méthode non destructive

Classification Agris : K50 - Processing of forest products
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F50 - Plant structure

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Gherardi Hein Paulo Ricardo, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Bois tropicaux (FRA)
  • Brancheriau Loïc, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Bois tropicaux (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-9580-7696
  • Lima Jose Tarcisio, UFLA (BRA)
  • Rosado Antônio Marcos
  • Gril Joseph, UM2 (FRA)
  • Chaix Gilles, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique forestière (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-2015-0551

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