Population structures of Brazilian tall coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) by microsatellite markers

Ribeiro Francisco Elias, Baudouin Luc, Lebrun Patricia, Chaves Lázaro José, Brondani Claudio, Zucchi Maria Imaculada, Vencovsky Roland. 2010. Population structures of Brazilian tall coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) by microsatellite markers. Genetics and Molecular Biology, 33 (4) : pp. 696-702.

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Quartile : Q4, Sujet : GENETICS & HEREDITY / Quartile : Q4, Sujet : BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

Abstract : Coconut palms of the Tall group were introduced to Brazil from the Cape Verde Islands in 1553. The present study sought to evaluate the genetic diversity among and within Brazilian Tall coconut populations. Samples were collected of 195 trees from 10 populations. Genetic diversity was accessed by investigating 13 simple sequence repeats (SSR) loci. This provided a total of 68 alleles, ranging from 2 to 13 alleles per locus, with an average of 5.23. The mean values of gene diversity (He) and observed heterozygosity (Ho) were 0.459 and 0.443, respectively. The genetic differentiation among populations was estimated at ? = 0.1600 and the estimated apparent outcrossing rate was ta = 0.92. Estimates of genetic distances between the populations varied from 0.034 to 0.390. Genetic distance and the corresponding clustering analysis indicate the formation of two groups. The first consists of the Baía Formosa, Georgino Avelino, and São José do Mipibu populations and the second consists of the Japoatã, Pacatuba, and Praia do Forte populations. The correlation matrix between genetic and geographic distances was positive and significant at a 1% probability. Taken together, our results suggest a spatial structuring of the genetic variability among the populations. Geographically closer populations exhibited greater similarities. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Cocos nucifera

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Brésil

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ribeiro Francisco Elias, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Baudouin Luc, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Etiologie dépérissements (FRA)
  • Lebrun Patricia, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (FRA)
  • Chaves Lázaro José, UFG (BRA)
  • Brondani Claudio, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Zucchi Maria Imaculada, IAC [Instituto Agronomico] (BRA)
  • Vencovsky Roland, Universidade de São Paulo (BRA)

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