The relationship between population structure and aluminum tolerance in cultivated sorghum

Caniato Fernanda F., Guimaraes Claudia T., Hamblin Martha, Billot Claire, Rami Jean-François, Hufnagel Barbara, Kochian Leon V., Liu Jiping, Garcia Antonio Augusto Franco, Hash Charles Tom, Ramu Punna, Mitchell Sharon, Kresovich Stephen, Oliveira Antonio Carlos, De Avellar Gisela, Borém Aluizio, Glaszmann Jean-Christophe, Schaffert Robert E., Magalhaes Jurandir V.. 2011. The relationship between population structure and aluminum tolerance in cultivated sorghum. PloS One, 6 (6):e20830, 14 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : BIOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Background: Acid soils comprise up to 50% of the world's arable lands and in these areas aluminum (Al) toxicity impairs root growth, strongly limiting crop yield. Food security is thereby compromised in many developing countries located in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. In sorghum, SbMATE, an Al-activated citrate transporter, underlies the AltSB locus on chromosome 3 and confers Al tolerance via Al-activated root citrate release. Methodology: Population structure was studied in 254 sorghum accessions representative of the diversity present in cultivated sorghums. Al tolerance was assessed as the degree of root growth inhibition in nutrient solution containing Al. A genetic analysis based on markers flanking AltSB and SbMATE expression was undertaken to assess a possible role for AltSB in Al tolerant accessions. In addition, the mode of gene action was estimated concerning the Al tolerance trait. Comparisons between models that include population structure were applied to assess the importance of each subpopulation to Al tolerance. Conclusion/Significance: Six subpopulations were revealed featuring specific racial and geographic origins. Al tolerance was found to be rather rare and present primarily in guinea and to lesser extent in caudatum subpopulations. AltSB was found to play a role in Al tolerance in most of the Al tolerant accessions. A striking variation was observed in the mode of gene action for the Al tolerance trait, which ranged from almost complete recessivity to near complete dominance, with a higher frequency of partially recessive sources of Al tolerance. A possible interpretation of our results concerning the origin and evolution of Al tolerance in cultivated sorghum is discussed. This study demonstrates the importance of deeply exploring the crop diversity reservoir both for a comprehensive view of the dynamics underlying the distribution and function of Al tolerance genes and to design efficient molecular breeding strategies aimed at enhancing Al tolerance. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Sorghum bicolor, Aluminium

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique

Classification Agris : F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Caniato Fernanda F., EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Guimaraes Claudia T., EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Hamblin Martha, Cornell University (USA)
  • Billot Claire, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Rami Jean-François, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5679-3877
  • Hufnagel Barbara, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Kochian Leon V., USDA (USA)
  • Liu Jiping, USDA (USA)
  • Garcia Antonio Augusto Franco, UFMG (BRA)
  • Hash Charles Tom, ICRISAT (IND)
  • Ramu Punna, ICRISAT (IND)
  • Mitchell Sharon, Cornell University (USA)
  • Kresovich Stephen, Cornell University (USA)
  • Oliveira Antonio Carlos, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • De Avellar Gisela, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Borém Aluizio, UFV (BRA)
  • Glaszmann Jean-Christophe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-9918-875X
  • Schaffert Robert E., EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Magalhaes Jurandir V., EMBRAPA (BRA)

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