Dating branch growth units in a tropical tree using morphological and anatomical markers: The case of Parkia velutina Benoist (Mimosoïdeae)

Nicolini Eric-André, Beauchêne Jacques, Leudet de la Vallée Benjamin, Ruelle Julien, Mangenet Thomas, Heuret Patrick. 2012. Dating branch growth units in a tropical tree using morphological and anatomical markers: The case of Parkia velutina Benoist (Mimosoïdeae). Annals of Forest Science, 69 (5) : pp. 543-555.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FORESTRY

Abstract : Context In tropical areas, studies based on the retrospective analysis of tree development have focused principally on growth ring research. The interpretation of primary growth markers is overlooked although it opens perspectives to provide long time-series on tree-crown development. Aims This study focused on Parkia velutina, an emergent tree of neotropical rain forests. Our objectives were (1) to characterize the phenological cycle of this species, and (2) to identify temporally interpretable morphological and anatomical markers. Methods We collected dominant branches in 14 adult trees and identified growth markers that limit longitudinal and radial increments. We coupled this approach with a 2-year phenological survey of 20 trees. Results Leaf shedding, growth unit elongation and growth ring formation define the phenological cycle. At tree scale, this cycle is synchronous and affects all axes. At population scale, trees can be desynchronized. This cycle is annual despite some slight variability. Successive growth units and growth rings are easily identifiable. Conclusion Dating a branch by counting the number of growth units or growth rings is possible in many years with a reasonable error. Nevertheless, estimating their precise month of formation in order to study climatic influences remains difficult. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Parkia, Organisme indicateur, forêt tropicale, Anatomie végétale, Port de la plante, Houppier, Bois, Croissance, Dendrochronologie, Cycle de développement, Développement biologique, Phénologie, Facteur climatique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Guyane française

Mots-clés complémentaires : Parkia velutina, Architecture des arbres

Classification Agris : F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
F50 - Plant structure
K01 - Forestry - General aspects

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Nicolini Eric-André, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (GUF)
  • Beauchêne Jacques, CIRAD-ES-UMR Ecofog (GUF) ORCID: 0000-0003-4578-3670
  • Leudet de la Vallée Benjamin
  • Ruelle Julien, INRA (FRA)
  • Mangenet Thomas, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (GUF)
  • Heuret Patrick, INRA (FRA)

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