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Multiple Insecticide Resistance in Anopheles gambiae s.l. Populations from Burkina Faso, West Africa

Namountougou Moussa, Simard Frédéric, Baldet Thierry, Diabaté Abdoulaye, Ouédraogo Jean-Bosco, Martin Thibaud, Dabiré Roch Kounbobr. 2012. Multiple Insecticide Resistance in Anopheles gambiae s.l. Populations from Burkina Faso, West Africa. PloS One, 7 (11):e48412, 10 p.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Malaria control programs are being jeopardized by the spread of insecticide resistance in mosquito vector populations. The situation in Burkina Faso is emblematic with Anopheles gambiae populations showing high levels of resistance to most available compounds. Although the frequency of insecticide target-site mutations including knockdown resistance (kdr) and insensitive acetylcholinesterase (Ace-1R) alleles has been regularly monitored in the area, it is not known whether detoxifying enzymes contribute to the diversity of resistance phenotypes observed in the field. Here, we propose an update on the phenotypic diversity of insecticide resistance in An. gambiae populations sampled from 10 sites in Burkina Faso in 2010. Susceptibility to deltamethrin, permethrin, DDT, bendiocarb and fenithrotion was assessed. Test specimens (N = 30 per locality) were identified to species and molecular form and their genotype at the kdr and Ace-1 loci was determined. Detoxifying enzymes activities including non-specific esterases (NSEs), oxydases (cytochrome P450) and Glutathione STransferases (GSTs) were measured on single mosquitoes (N = 50) from each test locality and compared with the An. gambiae Kisumu susceptible reference strain. In all sites, mosquitoes demonstrated multiple resistance phenotypes, showing reduced mortality to several insecticidal compounds at the same time, although with considerable site-to-site variation. Both the kdr 1014L and Ace-1R 119S resistant alleles were detected in the M and the S forms of An. gambiae, and were found together in specimens of the S form. Variation in detoxifying enzyme activities was observed within and between vector populations. Elevated levels of NSEs and GSTs were widespread, suggesting multiple resistance mechanisms segregate within An. gambiae populations from this country. By documenting the extent and diversity of insecticide resistance phenotypes and the putative combination of their underlying mechanisms in An. gambiae mosquitoes, our work prompts for new alternative strategies to be urgently developed for the control of major malaria vectors in Burkina Faso. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Anopheles gambiae, Résistance aux pesticides, Contrôle de maladies, Malaria

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Burkina Faso

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals
L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Namountougou Moussa, IRSS (BFA)
  • Simard Frédéric, IRSS (BFA)
  • Baldet Thierry, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-2979-9517
  • Diabaté Abdoulaye, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (BFA)
  • Ouédraogo Jean-Bosco, IRSS (BFA)
  • Martin Thibaud, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (FRA)
  • Dabiré Roch Kounbobr, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (BFA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/566560/)

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