Agritrop
Home

The South Pacific yam network (SPYN)

Lebot Vincent. 2002. The South Pacific yam network (SPYN). In : Potential of root crops for food and industrial resources : Twelfth Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops (ISTRC), Sep. 10-16, 2000, Tsukuba, Japan. Nakatani Makoto (ed.), Komaki Katsumi (ed.). ISTRC. Tsukuba : Cultio Corporation, Résumé, p. 393. Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops. 12, Tsukuba, Japon, 10 September 2000/16 September 2000.

Paper with proceedings
Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract : SPYN is assisting South Pacific countries (Fiji, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu) to enhance the competitive position of yam (Dioscorea alata) in traditional cropping systems. Yam is a crop of considerable socio-economic importance in Melanesia and a wealth of genetic resources exists, but attempts to conserve the germplasm and use it to solve production problems have not been successful. SPYN is helping countries to collect, make selections for desired agronomic characteristics, facilitate exchange and make evaluations in diverse agro-ecological environments. The Network is supported by the European Union INCO-DC programme with a grant of Euro 600,600 (1999-2002). Several problems are limiting yam development: tuber shape is often irregular making harvest time-consuming and labour-intensive, anthracnose disease, caused by the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, is always a threat, and staking is expensive. In addition, the lack of information on starches hinders the potential utilisation of yam as a high quality vegetable. The specific objectives of the SPYN project are: To use standardised morphological descriptors on approximately 1250 accessions from all countries, in order to identify a core sample of commercial value. The important commercial characteristics are tuber shape, tuber susceptibility to oxidation when cut, tolerance to Colletotrichum, and the ability to yield well when grown unstaked; - To tissue culture and cryopreserve the elite material; - To facilitate exchange within the Network, and with countries of other regions, through the establishment of accurate virus identification and detection systems; - To understand anthracnose disease, which is the main constraint to commercial production. Farmers appear to have a poor knowledge of this disease, and are unaware of tolerant varieties; and - To evaluate the elite material on farms. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
C30 - Documentation and information

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lebot Vincent, CIRAD-CA-CALIM (VUT)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/572893/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2019-10-04 ]