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Efficacy of insect nets for cabbage production and pest management depending on the net removal frequency and microclimate

Simon Serge, Assogba Komlan Françoise, Adjaïto L., Mensah Armel, Coffi Hubert Kacou, Ngouajio Mathieu, Martin Thibaud. 2014. Efficacy of insect nets for cabbage production and pest management depending on the net removal frequency and microclimate. International Journal of Pest Management, 60 (3) : pp. 208-216.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q3, Sujet : ENTOMOLOGY

Abstract : In Africa, synthetic pesticide applications are overly frequent and above labelled rates. We assessed the efficacy of an insect net physical control system on field cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) production in France and Benin. Various mesh sizes and netting removal frequencies were compared under contrasting climatic conditions. Studies under Mediterranean climatic conditions (spring season) compared two mesh sizes (0.73 mm and 1.6 mm). Studies under subequatorial climatic conditions (cool and hot seasons) tested nets of mesh size 0.4 mm and 0.9 mm used either as permanent cover, removed daily, or 3 days per week. The results showed that a fine mesh did not improve the netting efficacy against pests but had a major impact on the microclimate. In Mediterranean climatic conditions, the netting efficacy and beneficial microclimate improved crop yields. In subequatorial conditions, crop yields were lowest with permanent net protection due to high temperatures under the nets and poor aphid and Spodoptera littoralis control. Removing the nets 3 days per week was a good technical/economic trade-off, ensuring acceptable efficacy with minimal effects on the microclimate. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Brassica oleracea, Lutte anti-insecte, Méthode de lutte, Efficacité d'utilisation, Microclimat, Écran de protection, Lutte antiravageur, Lepidoptera, Aphididae, Identification, Climat subtropical, Climat méditerranéen

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin, Région méditerranéenne, Languedoc-Roussillon

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Simon Serge, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (BEN) ORCID: 0000-0001-8811-7809
  • Assogba Komlan Françoise, INRAB (BEN)
  • Adjaïto L., INRAB (BEN)
  • Mensah Armel, INRAB (BEN)
  • Coffi Hubert Kacou, Africa Technical Research Centre (TZA)
  • Ngouajio Mathieu, Michigan University (USA)
  • Martin Thibaud, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (KEN)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/574750/)

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