Agritrop
Home

Identifying areas suitable for the occurrence of rift valley fever in North Africa: implications for surveillance

Arsevska Elena, Hellal J., Mejri S., Hammami Salah, Marianneau Philippe, Calavas Didier, Hénaux Viviane. 2016. Identifying areas suitable for the occurrence of rift valley fever in North Africa: implications for surveillance. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 63 (6) : pp. 658-674.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
[img] Version Online first - Anglais
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
Arsevska et al., 2015. Rift Valley fever-1.pdf

Télécharger (981kB) | Request a copy
[img] Published version - Anglais
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
Arsevska_et_al-2016-Transboundary_and_Emerging_Diseases.pdf

Télécharger (969kB) | Request a copy

Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Abstract : Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a vector-borne zoonotic disease that has caused widespread outbreaks throughout Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, with serious consequences for livestock-based economies and public health. Although there have never been any reports of RVF in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya, it is a priority disease in the Maghreb, due to the threat of introduction of the virus through transboundary livestock movements or infected mosquito vectors. However, the implementation of surveillance activities and early warning contingency plans requires better knowledge of the epidemiological situation. We conducted a multicriteria decision analysis, integrating host distribution with a combination of important ecological factors that drive mosquito abundance, to identify hotspots and suitable time periods for RVF enzootic circulation (i.e. stable transmission at a low to moderate level for an extended period of time) and an RVF epizootic event (i.e. a sudden occurrence of a large number of infected animals over a large geographic area) in the Maghreb. We also modelled vector species distribution using available information on vector presence and habitat preference. We found that the northern regions of the Maghreb were moderately suitable for RVF enzootics, but highly suitable for RVF epizootics. The vector species distribution model identified these regions as the most favourable mosquito habitats. Due to the low density of animal hosts and arid conditions, the desert region showed low RVF suitability, except in oases. However, the presence of competent vectors in putative unsuitable areas underlines the need for further assessments of mosquito habitat preference. This study produced monthly RVF suitability maps useful for animal health managers and veterinary services involved in designing risk-based surveillance programmes. The suitability maps can be further enhanced using existing country-specific sources of information and by incorporating knowledge – as it becomes available – on the epidemiology of the disease and distribution of vectors in the Maghreb.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Virus de la fièvre de la vallée du Rift, Surveillance épidémiologique, Analyse du risque, Gestion du risque, Distribution spatiale, Aedes, Culex, Zoonose, Maladie transmise par vecteur

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique du Nord

Mots-clés complémentaires : Fièvre de la Vallée du Rift

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L72 - Pests of animals

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Arsevska Elena, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Hellal J., IRVT (TUN)
  • Mejri S., IRVT (TUN)
  • Hammami Salah, CNVZ (TUN)
  • Marianneau Philippe, ANSES (FRA)
  • Calavas Didier, ANSES (FRA)
  • Hénaux Viviane, ANSES (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/576091/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2020-10-28 ]