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Unravelling human trypanotolerance: IL8 is associated with infection control whereas IL10 and TNFα are associated with subsequent disease development

Ilboudo Hamidou, Bras-Gonçalves Rachel, Camara Mamadou, Flori Laurence, Camara Oumou, Sakande Hassane, Leno Mamadou, Petitdidier Elodie, Jamonneau Vincent, Bucheton Bruno. 2014. Unravelling human trypanotolerance: IL8 is associated with infection control whereas IL10 and TNFα are associated with subsequent disease development. PLoS Pathogens, 10 (11):e1004469, 11 p.

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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : PARASITOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : VIROLOGY / Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : MICROBIOLOGY

Abstract : In West Africa, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, causing human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), is associated with a great diversity of infection outcomes. In addition to patients who can be diagnosed in the early hemolymphatic phase (stage 1) or meningoencephalitic phase (stage 2), a number of individuals can mount long-lasting specific serological responses while the results of microscopic investigations are negative (SERO TL+). Evidence is now increasing to indicate that these are asymptomatic subjects with low-grade parasitemia. The goal of our study was to investigate the type of immune response occurring in these “trypanotolerant” subjects. Cytokines levels were measured in healthy endemic controls (n = 40), stage 1 (n = 10), early stage 2 (n = 19), and late stage 2 patients (n = 23) and in a cohort of SERO TL+ individuals (n = 60) who were followed up for two years to assess the evolution of their parasitological and serological status. In contrast to HAT patients which T-cell responses appeared to be activated with increased levels of IL2, IL4, and IL10, SERO TL+ exhibited high levels of proinflammatory cytokines (IL6, IL8 and TNFα) and an almost absence of IL12p70. In SERO TL+, high levels of IL10 and low levels of TNFα were associated with an increased risk of developing HAT whereas high levels of IL8 predicted that serology would become negative. Further studies using high throughput technologies, hopefully will provide a more detailed view of the critical molecules or pathways underlying the trypanotolerant phenotype. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Trypanosomose africaine, Genre humain, Trypanosoma brucei, Résistance aux maladies, Cytokine, Immunité, Sérologie, Réponse immunitaire

Mots-clés complémentaires : Trypanosoma brucei gambiense

Classification Agris : 000 - Other themes
L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ilboudo Hamidou, CIRDES (BFA)
  • Bras-Gonçalves Rachel, IRD (FRA)
  • Camara Mamadou, PNLTHA (GIN)
  • Flori Laurence, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR INTERTRYP (FRA)
  • Camara Oumou, PNLTHA (GIN)
  • Sakande Hassane, CIRDES (BFA)
  • Leno Mamadou, PNLTHA (GIN)
  • Petitdidier Elodie, IRD (FRA)
  • Jamonneau Vincent, CIRDES (BFA)
  • Bucheton Bruno, CIRDES (BFA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/578112/)

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