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Social network and vulnerability: A clear link in Bedouin Society (Egypt)

Alary Véronique, Messad Samir, Daoud Ibrahim, Aboul-Naga Adel, Abdelzaher Osman Mona, Bonnet Pascal, Tourrand Jean-François. 2016. Social network and vulnerability: A clear link in Bedouin Society (Egypt). Human Ecology, 44 (1) : pp. 81-90.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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579705.pdf

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : SOCIOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ANTHROPOLOGY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

Abstract : In the last 60 years, the livelihoods of agro-pastoral and pastoral families in the arid and semi-arid zones in North Africa and the Middle East have undergone major changes caused by significant incentives to adopt a sedentary lifestyle and the increasing intensity of drought events. Such changes have also been influenced by land reclamation projects accompanied by the construction of reservoirs and dikes in the dry lands as well as the extension of irrigation canals in the desert in the Coastal Zone of the Western Desert, Egypt. To understand the changes in the traditional social organization of this desert society, and how these social changes have affected families' ability to adapt to external shocks such as the recent 15-year drought, we developed a typological approach to investigate the link between family livelihoods and social capital in Bedouin society. We showed a clear link between physical assets (mainly land and animals), the nature and intensity of social links within the traditional society, and level of education. The analysis revealed also some new wealth accumulation processes in link with the socio-political influence of urban zones and the increasing level of education in the zone.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Sociologie rurale, Système agropastoral, Pastoralisme, Exploitation agricole familiale, Petite exploitation agricole, Changement social, Éducation, Irrigation, Développement rural, Urbanisation, Relation ville campagne, Utilisation des terres, Sécheresse, Zone aride

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Égypte

Classification Agris : E80 - Home economics, industries and crafts
E50 - Rural sociology
E14 - Development economics and policies

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Alary Véronique, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (MAR) ORCID: 0000-0003-4844-5423 - auteur correspondant
  • Messad Samir, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-1309-1493
  • Daoud Ibrahim, Matrouh Governorate (EGY)
  • Aboul-Naga Adel, APRI (EGY)
  • Abdelzaher Osman Mona, APRI (EGY)
  • Bonnet Pascal, CIRAD-DG-Direction générale/Service d'appui auprès des unités de recherche et des services (FRA)
  • Tourrand Jean-François, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/579705/)

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