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Cultural practices shaping zoonotic diseases surveillance: The case of highly pathogenic avian influenza and Thailand native chicken farmers

Cultural practices shaping zoonotic diseases surveillance: The case of highly pathogenic avian influenza and Thailand native chicken farmers. Delabouglise Alexis, Antoine-Moussiaux Nicolas, Tatong D., Chumkaeo A., Binot Aurélie, Fournié Guillaume, Pilot E., Phimpraphi W., Kasemsuwan Suwicha, Paul Mathilde, Duboz Raphaël, Salem Gérard, Peyre Marie-Isabelle. 2017. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 64 (4) : 1294-1305.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12506

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Article de revue ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact

Résumé : Effectiveness of current passive zoonotic disease surveillance systems is limited by the under-reporting of disease outbreaks in the domestic animal population. Evaluating the acceptability of passive surveillance and its economic, social and cultural determinants appears a critical step for improving it. A participatory rural appraisal was implemented in a rural subdistrict of Thailand. Focus group interviews were used to identify sanitary risks perceived by native chicken farmers and describe the structure of their value chain. Qualitative individual interviews with a large diversity of actors enabled to identify perceived costs and benefits associated with the reporting of HPAI suspicions to sanitary authorities. Besides, flows of information on HPAI suspected cases were assessed using network analysis, based on data collected through individual questionnaires. Results show that the presence of cockfighting activities in the area negatively affected the willingness of all chicken farmers and other actors to report suspected HPAI cases. The high financial and affective value of fighting cocks contradicted the HPAI control policy based on mass culling. However, the importance of product quality in the native chicken meat value chain and the free veterinary services and products delivered by veterinary officers had a positive impact on suspected case reporting. Besides, cockfighting practitioners had a significantly higher centrality than other actors in the information network and they facilitated the spatial diffusion of information. Social ties built in cockfighting activities and the shared purpose of protecting valuable cocks were at the basis of the diffusion of information and the informal collective management of diseases. Building bridges with this informal network would greatly improve the effectiveness of passive surveillance. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Surveillance épidémiologique, Étude de cas, Influenzavirus aviaire, Environnement socioculturel, Approches participatives, Agriculteur, Analyse économique, Perceptions, Analyse du risque, Évaluation, Facteur de risque, Coq, Poulet, Viande de poulet, Aviculture

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Thaïlande

Mots-clés complémentaires : Filière

Classification Agris : L73 - Maladies des animaux
E50 - Sociologie rurale et sécurité sociale
L70 - Sciences et hygiène vétérinaires : considérations générales
Q03 - Contamination et toxicologie alimentaires

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Delabouglise Alexis, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA)
  • Antoine-Moussiaux Nicolas, Université de Liège (BEL)
  • Tatong D., Regional Livestock Office (THA)
  • Chumkaeo A., Provincial Livestock Office (THA)
  • Binot Aurélie, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (THA)
  • Fournié Guillaume, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)
  • Pilot E., University of Maastricht (NLD)
  • Phimpraphi W., Kasetsart University (THA)
  • Kasemsuwan Suwicha, Kasetsart University (THA)
  • Paul Mathilde, Université de Toulouse (FRA)
  • Duboz Raphaël, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (KHM)
  • Salem Gérard, Université de Paris-Nanterre (FRA)
  • Peyre Marie-Isabelle, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (VNM)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop

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