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Excessive use of fertilizer can increase leaching processes and modify soil reserves in two Ecuadorian oil palm plantations

Dubos Bernard, Snoeck Didier, Flori Albert. 2017. Excessive use of fertilizer can increase leaching processes and modify soil reserves in two Ecuadorian oil palm plantations. Experimental Agriculture, 53 (2) : pp. 255-268.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : AGRONOMY

Abstract : In the oil palm plantations of Ecuador, two factorial trials (namely CP06 and CP08) were used to assess the effects of N, P and K fertilization on the soil chemical characteristics after 10 years of fertilizer application. The use of ammonia-based fertilizers has resulted in a drop in soil pH, which has reached 1.2 units in one of the two trials. A drop in cation exchange capacity (CEC) was also found, and a loss of exchangeable cations that probably reflected leaching of excess N as nitrates. The use of KCl enriched the soil in K, which contributed to impoverishment in Ca and Mg. In both trials, the highest N and K application rates had no significant effect on yield in comparison with an intermediate fertilization rate; however, their effects on the fertilized soil significantly increased the risk of N and cation leaching towards the deep soil layers. We also compared the effects of the N, P and K factors on soil properties outside the fertilizer application zone. In both trials, the mineral reserves played a major role in meeting the needs of the control palms, which had not been fertilized for 10 years, as no significant yield drop has been observed except in trial CP06 when no KCl was applied. However, uptake of nutrient in the control plots did not lead to significant impoverishment of the soil. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Elaeis guineensis, Fertilisation, Lessivage du sol, Fertilité du sol, Azote, Phosphore, Potassium, Ammoniac, Engrais NPK, Propriété physicochimique du sol, pH du sol

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Équateur

Classification Agris : F04 - Fertilizing
P33 - Soil chemistry and physics
P36 - Soil erosion, conservation and reclamation
P35 - Soil fertility

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Dubos Bernard, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA)
  • Snoeck Didier, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA)
  • Flori Albert, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/580879/)

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