Economics and ecology of diversification: the case of tropical tree crops

Ruf François, Schroth Götz. 2015. Economics and ecology of diversification: the case of tropical tree crops. Dordrecht : Springer-Ed. Quae, 340 p. ISBN 978-94-017-7293-8

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Abstract : The monoculture systems that have been encouraged by governments since the 1960s have led to major socio-economic and environmental crises. Now the diversification of tree crop systems is advancing throughout the tropics. Why and when does diversification take place? What categories of farmers diversify? What obstacles do they have to overcome, and how do public and private policies interfere in this process? How do land use systems and landscapes evolve as a result of this diversification? According to the authors of this volume, diversification is certainly a response to market risks, but also to the depletion of environmental resources. Ecological changes such as declining soil fertility and increasing pressure from pests, diseases and weeds intensify at the end of monoculture cycles, driving crop change and diversification of farming systems. Through 15 case studies from Africa, Latin America, Asia and the Pacific, the authors provide us with in-depth insights into the economy and ecology of family agriculture and its recent developments. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Production forestière, Agroforesterie, Économie rurale, Exploitation agricole familiale, Petite exploitation agricole, Revenu de l'exploitation, Revenu forestier, agroécologie, Utilisation des terres, Diversification

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique, Amérique latine, Asie, Océanie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Politique publique

Classification Agris : K10 - Forestry production
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
E80 - Home economics and crafts
E11 - Land economics and policies

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Editeurs scientifiques et affiliations

  • Schroth Götz

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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