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Short- and long-term influence of litter quality and quantity on simulated heterotrophic soil respiration in a lowland tropical forest

Bréchet Laëtitia, Le Dantec Valérie, Ponton Stéphane, Goret Jean-Yves, Sayer Emma, Bonal Damien, Freycon Vincent, Roy Jacques, Epron Daniel. 2017. Short- and long-term influence of litter quality and quantity on simulated heterotrophic soil respiration in a lowland tropical forest. Ecosystems, 20 (6) : pp. 1190-1204.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Abstract : Heterotrophic soil respiration (SRH) alone can contribute up to 50% of total ecosystem respiration in tropical forests. Whereas the abiotic controls of SRH have been extensively studied, the influence of plant traits is less well characterised. We used field experiments and a modelling approach to test the relative influence of plant traits on SRH in lowland tropical forest in French Guiana. We measured leaf- and root litter traits for five common tree species and conducted a root decomposition experiment to evaluate the influence of root chemistry on decay rates. We measured SRH in trenched plots and used our field measurements to parameterize and test the Century model of soil C dynamics. Overall, the Century model performed well in simulating SRH, and species-specific root decomposition in Century corresponded well to decomposition rates measured in situ. Root litter characterized by low lignin-to-nitrogen ratios decomposed more rapidly than low-quality root litter during the first 6 months. Model runs over different time scales revealed that litter quality substantially influenced SRH on an annual time-scale by determining the rates of root- and leaf litter decomposition. However, litter mass had an overriding influence on SRH over the longer term in 20-year model runs. Synthesis Using simple plant trait data to parameterise the Century model, we were able to accurately simulate changes in SRH in a lowland tropical forest. Our results suggest that this approach could be used to predict changes in tropical soil C dynamics under global change scenarios by including data on changes in plant productivity and C inputs to the soil (for example litterfall and root turnover). (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Forêt, forêt tropicale, Sol de forêt, Litière forestière, Respiration du sol, Écosystème forestier, Dégradation, Cycle du carbone, Racine, Composition chimique, Biologie du sol, Houppier

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Guyane française

Classification Agris : K01 - Forestry - General aspects
P33 - Soil chemistry and physics
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bréchet Laëtitia, INRA (GUF)
  • Le Dantec Valérie, CESBIO (FRA)
  • Ponton Stéphane, INRA (FRA)
  • Goret Jean-Yves, INRA (FRA)
  • Sayer Emma, Lancaster University (GBR)
  • Bonal Damien, INRA (FRA)
  • Freycon Vincent, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (FRA)
  • Roy Jacques, CNRS (FRA)
  • Epron Daniel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/583492/)

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