Morphological plant modeling: Unleashing geometric and topological potential within the plant sciences

Bucksch Alexander, Atta-Boateng Acheampong, Azihou Akomian Fortuné, Battogtokh Dorjsuren, Baumgartner Aly, Binder Brad M., Braybrook Siobhan, Chang Cynthia, Coneva Viktoirya, DeWitt Thomas J., Fletcher Alexander G., Gehan Malia A., Diaz-Martinez Diego Hernan, Hong Lilan, Iyer-Pascuzzi Anjali S., Klein Laura L., Leiboff Samuel, Li Mao, Lynch Jonathan P., Maizel Alexis, Maloof Julin N., Markelz R.J. Cody, Martinez Ciera C., Miller Laura A., Mio Washington, Palubicki Wojciech, Poorter Hendrik, Pradal Christophe, Price Charles A., Puttonen Eetu, Reese John B., Rellán-Alavarez Rubén, Spalding Edgar P., Sparks Erin E., Topp Christopher N., Williams Joseph H., Chitwood Daniel H.. 2017. Morphological plant modeling: Unleashing geometric and topological potential within the plant sciences. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8:900, 16 p.

Journal article ; Article de synthèse ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
License Licence Creative Commons.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : The geometries and topologies of leaves, flowers, roots, shoots, and their arrangements have fascinated plant biologists and mathematicians alike. As such, plant morphology is inherently mathematical in that it describes plant form and architecture with geometrical and topological techniques. Gaining an understanding of how to modify plant morphology, through molecular biology and breeding, aided by a mathematical perspective, is critical to improving agriculture, and the monitoring of ecosystems is vital to modeling a future with fewer natural resources. In this white paper, we begin with an overview in quantifying the form of plants and mathematical models of patterning in plants. We then explore the fundamental challenges that remain unanswered concerning plant morphology, from the barriers preventing the prediction of phenotype from genotype to modeling the movement of leaves in air streams. We end with a discussion concerning the education of plant morphology synthesizing biological and mathematical approaches and ways to facilitate research advances through outreach, cross-disciplinary training, and open science. Unleashing the potential of geometric and topological approaches in the plant sciences promises to transform our understanding of both plants and mathematics. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Morphologie végétale, Modèle mathématique, Anatomie végétale, Port de la plante, Biologie, Modèle de simulation

Mots-clés complémentaires : Architecture végétale

Mots-clés libres : Plant biology, Plant science, Morphology, Mathematics, Topology, Modeling

Classification Agris : F50 - Plant structure
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bucksch Alexander, University of Georgia (USA)
  • Atta-Boateng Acheampong, Yale University (USA)
  • Azihou Akomian Fortuné, UAC (BEN)
  • Battogtokh Dorjsuren, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (USA)
  • Baumgartner Aly, Baylor University (USA)
  • Binder Brad M., University of Tennessee (USA)
  • Braybrook Siobhan, Cambridge University (GBR)
  • Chang Cynthia, University of Washington (USA)
  • Coneva Viktoirya, Donald Danforth Plant Science Center (USA)
  • DeWitt Thomas J., Florida Fish and Wildlife Research Institute (USA)
  • Fletcher Alexander G., University of Sheffield (GBR)
  • Gehan Malia A., Donald Danforth Plant Science Center (USA)
  • Diaz-Martinez Diego Hernan, University of Florida (USA)
  • Hong Lilan, Cornell University (USA)
  • Iyer-Pascuzzi Anjali S., Purdue University (USA)
  • Klein Laura L., Saint Louis University (USA)
  • Leiboff Samuel, Cornell University (USA)
  • Li Mao, University of Florida (USA)
  • Lynch Jonathan P., Pennsylvania State University (USA)
  • Maizel Alexis, University of Heidelberg (DEU)
  • Maloof Julin N., California State University (USA)
  • Markelz R.J. Cody, California State University (USA)
  • Martinez Ciera C., California State University (USA)
  • Miller Laura A., University of North Carolina (USA)
  • Mio Washington, University of Florida (USA)
  • Palubicki Wojciech, University of Cambridge (GBR)
  • Poorter Hendrik, Centre de recherche de Jülich (DEU)
  • Pradal Christophe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2555-761X
  • Price Charles A., University of Tennessee (USA)
  • Puttonen Eetu, National Land Survey of Finland (FIN)
  • Reese John B., University of Tennessee (USA)
  • Rellán-Alavarez Rubén, Cinvestav (MEX)
  • Spalding Edgar P., University of Wisconsin (USA)
  • Sparks Erin E., University of Delaware (USA)
  • Topp Christopher N., Donald Danforth Plant Science Center (USA)
  • Williams Joseph H., University of Tennessee (USA)
  • Chitwood Daniel H., Donald Danforth Plant Science Center (USA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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