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Diel patterns of activity for insect pollinators of two oil palm species (Arecales : Arecaceae)

Auffray Thomas, Frérot Brigitte, Poveda Roberto, Louise Claude, Beaudoin-Ollivier Laurence. 2017. Diel patterns of activity for insect pollinators of two oil palm species (Arecales : Arecaceae). Journal of Insect Science, 17 (2):45, 6 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENTOMOLOGY

Abstract : The pollination of two oil palm species, Elaeis guineensis Jacquin and Elaeis oleifera Cortés (Arecales: Arecaceae), depends on a mutualistic relation with insects, which use male inflorescences as a brood site, and visits female inflorescences lured by the emitted odor, which is similar to that of males. Although the activity of visiting the inflorescences by these insects is critical for the adequate natural pollination of the host plant, their activity is poorly documented. In the present study, we determine the diel activity of two specialized pollinator weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on inflorescences of their respective host-palm: Elaeidobius kamerunicus Faust specialized on E. guineensis, and Grasidius hybridus O'Brien and Beserra specialized on E. oleifera. The average timing of activity was studied by using passive interception traps. Then the pattern and the duration were refined by using aspiration trapping within the active period for each insect species at the male and female inflorescences. All the experiments were conducted in an Ecuadorian oil palm plantation, located close to Amazonian forest. El. kamerunicus and G. hybridus were found to be the pollinators of E. guineensis and E. oleifera, respectively. The two species differed in their diel pattern of activity: E. kamerunicus was active in the morning and G. hybridus during a short period at dusk. For both palm species, insect visits were synchronous on both male and female inflorescences. The synchronicity is discussed as a strategy to maintain the relation mutualistic between partners. These findings increase our understanding of the oil palm pollination system. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Elaeidobius kamerunicus, Elaeis guineensis, Elaeis oleifera, Pollinisateur, Biologie animale, Pollinisation, Interactions biologiques, Agroécosystème

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Équateur

Mots-clés complémentaires : Grasidius hybridus

Mots-clés libres : Elaeidobius kamerunicus, Elaeis guineensis, Elaeis oleifera, Grasidius hybridus, Pollination

Classification Agris : F63 - Plant physiology - Reproduction
L20 - Animal ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Auffray Thomas, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Bioagresseurs : analyse et maîtrise du risque (FRA)
  • Frérot Brigitte, INRA (FRA)
  • Poveda Roberto, Palmeras del Ecuador (ECU)
  • Louise Claude, PalmElit (FRA)
  • Beaudoin-Ollivier Laurence, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Bioagresseurs : analyse et maîtrise du risque (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4838-8318

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/584891/)

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