The economic and legal sides of additionality in payments for environmental services

Karsenty Alain, Aubert Sigrid, Brimont Laura, Dutilly Céline, Desbureaux Sébastien, Ezzine de Blas Driss, Le Velly Gwenolé. 2017. The economic and legal sides of additionality in payments for environmental services. Environmental Policy and Governance, 27 (5), n.spéc. Policy Mixes: Aligning instruments for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service provision : pp. 422-435.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : This paper aims to clarify two distinct but complementary questions on economic and legal additionality in the payments for environmental services (PES) debate based on examples from the literature and direct observations made in Madagascar and Mexico. For the economic dimension of additionality, we explain two 'regimes of justification', efficiency on the one hand and social equity on the other, and discuss how analysts position themselves with regard to both regimes. For the legal dimension, we review and analyse specific cases in which PES are implemented in addition to existing environmental regulations. We propose a renewed framework of analysis to distinguish 'compensation' and 'reward' in PES by crossing the opportunity cost dimension and the legal constraint vis-à-vis the environment. We show how difficult it is to fully maintain the objective of efficiency when PES are implemented simultaneously across different combinations of opportunity costs and regulation constraints. We propose policy options to address the contradiction between incentive and coercive instruments. These options are land sparing, social targeting and chronological combinations. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : services écosystémiques, Montant compensatoire, protection de la forêt, Protection de l'environnement, gestion des ressources naturelles, Financement, Législation de l'environnement, Utilisation des terres, Politique de l'environnement, Gestion foncière durable

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar, Mexique

Mots-clés libres : PES, PSE, Additionality

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
E13 - Investment, finance and credit
D50 - Legislation

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Karsenty Alain, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (FRA)
  • Aubert Sigrid, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (FRA)
  • Brimont Laura, IDDRI (FRA)
  • Dutilly Céline, CIRAD-ES-UMR MOISA (FRA)
  • Desbureaux Sébastien, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (FRA)
  • Ezzine de Blas Driss, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (MEX)
  • Le Velly Gwenolé, CERDI (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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