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Modelling varietal differences in response to phosphorus in West African sorghum

Adam Myriam, Dzotsi K.A., Hoogenboom Gerrit, Traoré P.C.S., Porter Cheryl, Rattunde Fred, Nebie B., Leiser Willmar L., Weltzien Eva, Jones James W.. 2018. Modelling varietal differences in response to phosphorus in West African sorghum. European Journal of Agronomy, 100 : pp. 35-43.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRONOMY

Abstract : In West Africa's highly weathered soils, plant-available soil-P levels determine sorghum performance and yield to a far greater extent than projected variability in climate. Despite local landrace varieties having excellent adaptation to the environment and a relatively stable yield, sorghum grain yield remains quite low, averaging less than 1 t ha−1. Low P availability in West African soils has significant effects on crop development and growth with potential grain yield losses of more than 50%. Use of mechanistic models, which integrate physiological processes, could assist with understanding the differences in P-uptake among varieties and guide effective P management. Yet only few crop models include a soil-plant P model for simulating crop yield response to P management. A generic soil-plant P module was developed for crop models in the Cropping System Model (CSM) of the Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) but the module was adapted and tested only on two crops, groundnut and maize. The aim of the study was to adapt the soil-plant P module for sorghum and perform initial testing on highly weathered soils in West Africa. Data used in adapting and testing the soil-plant P model for sorghum consisted of in-season P concentrations and dry weights of stems, leaves and grain from four sorghum varieties covering a range of maturities and photoperiod sensitivities and grown in high-P and P-deficient soils at ICRISAT-Mali. Results showed that the coupled CERES-Sorghum − P module reasonably reproduced the vegetative and grain yield reductions experienced in the field experiments with an average RMSE of 1561 and 909 kg ha−1 under high P conditions and 1168 and 466 kg ha−1 under low P conditions, respectively. The simulations are in most cases within the observation error. We also confirmed that contrasting variety types differ in their P-uptake dynamics relative to above-ground growth change over time, and hence respond differently to available P.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Sorghum, Sorgho

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Mali

Mots-clés libres : Soil-plant P model, Sorghum, Plant P-concentration, DSSAT, West African Sudanian zone

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F61 - Plant physiology - Nutrition
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Adam Myriam, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (BFA) ORCID: 0000-0002-8873-6762 - auteur correspondant
  • Dzotsi K.A., University of Florida (USA)
  • Hoogenboom Gerrit, University of Florida (USA)
  • Traoré P.C.S., ICRISAT (MLI)
  • Porter Cheryl, University of Florida (USA)
  • Rattunde Fred, ICRISAT (MLI)
  • Nebie B., ICRISAT (MLI)
  • Leiser Willmar L., University of Hohenheim (DEU)
  • Weltzien Eva, University of Hohenheim (DEU)
  • Jones James W., University of Florida (USA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/587282/)

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