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Diversity of innovation processes in the Niayes market gardening system (Senegal): between conventional intensification and agro-ecological transition

Dugué Patrick, Michel Isabelle, Kettela Victor, Simon Serge. 2018. Diversity of innovation processes in the Niayes market gardening system (Senegal): between conventional intensification and agro-ecological transition. In : Innovation processes in agro-ecological transitions in developing countries. Temple Ludovic (ed.), Comparé Sawadogo Eveline M.F.W. (ed.). Londres : ISTE-Wiley, pp. 117-140. (Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Management Series, Innovation in Engineering and Technology Set, 2) ISBN 978-1-78630-272-4

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Abstract : Development of the vegetable sector in Senegal has been based on technical innovations such as motor pumping use of inputs net-shades etc. A survey of 22 market gardeners in Southern Senegal in the Niayes has highlighted the diversity of innovation processes and related factors that drive it. Exchanges between vegetable exporters and market gardeners in the same area have enabled the adoption of localized (drip) irrigation. The use of natural inputs (bio pesticides, repellents, organic fertilizers) answers to an “agro-ecological” specification and is promoted by NGOs Ultimately different vegetable crop combinations have been designed and adopted by Innovative gardeners to address the reduction of surface area although these have not yet been "disseminated”. These examples highlight the capacities of West African, farmers to innovate and adapt .They question the type of methods and tools needing to be developed order to accompany these processes without limiting the creativity of farmers or the flexibility and performance or local innovation system that they create.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Horticulture, Adoption de l'innovation, Agriculture intensive, agroécologie, Biopesticide, Engrais organique, Répulsif, Culture associée

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sénégal

Mots-clés libres : Transition agroécologique, Innovation, Maraîchage

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
F06 - Irrigation
H01 - Protection of plants - General aspects

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Dugué Patrick, CIRAD-ES-UMR INNOVATION (FRA)
  • Michel Isabelle, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)
  • Kettela Victor, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)
  • Simon Serge, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (SEN) ORCID: 0000-0001-8811-7809

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/587656/)

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