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A One Health evaluation framework

Rüegg Simon R., Häsler Barbara, Nielsen Liza Rosenbaum, Buttigieg Sandra C., Santa Mijalche, Aragrande Maurizio, Canali Massimo, Ehlinger Timothy, Queenan Kevin, Chantziaras Ilias, Boriani Elena, Radeski Miroslav, Bruce Mieghan, Keune Hans, Bennani Houda, Ifejika Speranza Chinwe, Carmo Luís P., Esposito Roberto, Filippitzi Maria-Eleni, McIntyre K. Marie, McMahon Barry J., Peyre Marie-Isabelle, Falzon Laura C., Bardosh Kevin L., Frazzoli Chiara, Hald Tine, Marcus Grace, Zinsstag Jakob. 2018. A One Health evaluation framework. In : Integrated approaches to health: A handbook for the evaluation of One Health. Rüegg Simon R. (ed.), Häsler Barbara (ed.), Zinsstag Jakob (ed.). Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers, pp. 38-85. ISBN 978-90-8686-324-2

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Abstract : Challenges calling for integrated approaches to health, such as the One Health (OH) approach, typically arise from the intertwined spheres of humans and animals, and the ecosystems constituting their environment. Initiatives addressing such wicked problems commonly consist of complex structures and dynamics. The Network for Evaluation of One Health (NEOH) proposes an evaluation framework anchored in systems theory to address the intrinsic complexity of OH initiatives and regards them as subsystems of the context within which they operate. Typically, they intend to influence a system with a view to improve human, animal, and environmental health. The NEOH evaluation framework consists of four overarching elements, namely: (1) the definition of the OH initiative and its context; (2) the description of its theory of change with an assessment of expected and unexpected outcomes; (3) the process evaluation of operational and supporting infrastructures (the 'OHness'); and (4) an assessment of the association(s) between the process evaluation and the outcomes produced. It relies on a mixed-methods approach by combining a descriptive and qualitative assessment with a semi-quantitative scoring for the evaluation of the degree and structural balance of 'OH-ness' (summarised in an OH-index and OH-ratio, respectively) and conventional metrics for different outcomes in a multi-criteria-decision analysis. We provide the methodology for all elements, including ready-to-use Microsoft Excel spread-sheets for the assessment of the 'OH-ness' (Element 3) and further helpful worksheets as electronic supplements. Element 4 connects the results from the assessment of the 'OH-ness' to the methods and metrics described in Chapters 4 to 6 in this handbook. Finally, we offer some guidance on how to produce recommendations based on the results. The presented approach helps researchers, practitioners, policy makers and evaluators to conceptualise and conduct evaluations of integrated approaches to health and enables comparison and learning across different OH activities, thereby facilitating decisions on strategy and resource allocation. Examples of the application of this framework have been described in eight case studies, published in a dedicated Frontiers Research Topic (https://www.frontiersin.org/researchtopics/ 5479).

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Santé publique, Santé animale, Environnement, Suivi et d’évaluation, Gestion intégrée, Surveillance épidémiologique

Mots-clés complémentaires : One Health, théorie du changement, transdisciplinarité

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
000 - Autres thèmes

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rüegg Simon R., Universität Zürich (CHE)
  • Häsler Barbara, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)
  • Nielsen Liza Rosenbaum, University of Copenhagen (DNK)
  • Buttigieg Sandra C., University of Malta (MLT)
  • Santa Mijalche, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje (MKD)
  • Aragrande Maurizio, Universita di Bologna (ITA)
  • Canali Massimo, Universita di Bologna (ITA)
  • Ehlinger Timothy, University of Wisconsin (USA)
  • Queenan Kevin, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)
  • Chantziaras Ilias, Université de Gand (BEL)
  • Boriani Elena, Technical University of Denmark (DNK)
  • Radeski Miroslav, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje (MKD)
  • Bruce Mieghan, Murdoch University (AUS)
  • Keune Hans, INBO (BEL)
  • Bennani Houda, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)
  • Ifejika Speranza Chinwe, University of Bern (CHE)
  • Carmo Luís P., University of Bern (CHE)
  • Esposito Roberto, National Institute of Health (ITA)
  • Filippitzi Maria-Eleni, University of Ghent (BEL)
  • McIntyre K. Marie, University of Liverpool (GBR)
  • McMahon Barry J., University college Dublin (IRL)
  • Peyre Marie-Isabelle, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-0887-3418
  • Falzon Laura C., University of Liverpool (GBR)
  • Bardosh Kevin L., University of Florida (USA)
  • Frazzoli Chiara, Istituto Superiore di Sanita (ITA)
  • Hald Tine, Technical University of Denmark (DNK)
  • Marcus Grace, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)
  • Zinsstag Jakob, University of Basel (CHE)

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Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/593212/)

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