Seroprevalence and risk factors of canine distemper virus in the pet and stray dogs in Haa, western Bhutan

Dorji Tshering, Tenzin Tenzin, Tenzin Kuenga, Tshering Dawa, Rinzin Karma, Phimpraphai Waraphon, De Garine-Wichatitsky Michel. 2020. Seroprevalence and risk factors of canine distemper virus in the pet and stray dogs in Haa, western Bhutan. BMC Veterinary Research, 16:135, 6 p.

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Abstract : Background: Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) is a highly contagious virus belonging to family Paramyxovirade, genus Morbillivirus and responsible for high morbidity and mortality in dogs worldwide. Infected domestic dogs can cause spillover infections to wild carnivores that are in contact. We conducted a seroprevalence survey of CDV in domestic dogs in two areas of western Bhutan (Haa district) located at the periphery of the Jigme Khesar Strict Nature Reserve, which is home to several endangered wildlife. A total of 238 serum samples, 119 each from the pet and stray dog, were collected during summer and winter seasons. Samples were tested for CDV antibodies using a sandwich enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA) test. Results: The seroprevalence of CDV was found to be 11.3% (95% CI 6.7–14.2). Dogs sampled during winter were less likely to test seropositive against CDV antibodies than those sampled during summer (adjusted odds ratio: -2.6; 95% CI: − 1.2–6.1). Dogs in good body condition were found to be more likely to test seropositive against CDV than dogs in poor condition and obese dogs (adjusted odds ratio: 2.2; 95% CI: 0.1–5.9). There were no significant differences in the seroprevalence of CDV among different sexes, breeds and age classes, pet and stray dogs and between the two study sites. Conclusions: Our study indicates that CDV seroprevalence was equally distributed among pet and stray dogs. We suggest strengthening the management practices of dogs through responsible dog ownership, dog population management and waste management to minimize the transmission risk of infectious diseases to wildlife.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Paramyxoviridae, Immunodiagnostic, Enquête pathologique, Chien, Zone protegée

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bhoutan

Mots-clés complémentaires : Canine Distemper Virus (CDV), séroprévalence

Mots-clés libres : Free-roaming dogs, Canine distemper virus, Protected areas, Western Bhutan

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Dorji Tshering, Kasetsart University (THA)
  • Tenzin Tenzin, National Centre for Animal Health (BTN) - auteur correspondant
  • Tenzin Kuenga, District Veterinary Hospital (BTN)
  • Tshering Dawa, National Centre for Animal Health (BTN)
  • Rinzin Karma, Animal Health Division (BTN)
  • Phimpraphai Waraphon, Kasetsart University (THA)
  • De Garine-Wichatitsky Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (THA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5438-1473

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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