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Fluxes of greenhouse gases from andosols coffee in monoculture or shaded by Inga densiflora in Costa Rica

Hergoualc'h Kristell, Skiba Ute, Harmand Jean-Michel, Hénault Catherine. 2008. Fluxes of greenhouse gases from andosols coffee in monoculture or shaded by Inga densiflora in Costa Rica. Biogeochemistry, 89 (3) : pp. 329-345.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of N fertilization and the presence of N2 fixing leguminous trees on soil fluxes of greenhouse gases. For a one year period, we measured soil fluxes of nitrous oxide (N2O), carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4), related soil parameters (temperature, water-filled pore space, mineral nitrogen content, N mineralization potential) and litterfall in two highly fertilized (250 kg N ha-1 year-1) coffee cultivation: a monoculture (CM) and a culture shaded by the N2 fixing legume species Inga densiflora (CIn). Nitrogen fertilizer addition significantly influenced N2O emissions with 84% of the annual N2O emitted during the post fertilization periods, and temporarily increased soil respiration and decreased CH4 uptakes. The higher annual N2O emissions from the shaded plantation (5.8 ± 0.3 kg N ha-1 year-1) when compared to that from the monoculture (4.3 ± 0.1 kg N ha-1 year-1) was related to the higher N input through litterfall (246 ± 16 kg N ha-1 year-1) and higher potential soil N mineralization rate (3.7 ± 0.2 mg N kg-1 d.w. d-1) in the shaded cultivation when compared to the monoculture (153 ± 6.8 kg N ha-1 year-1 and 2.2 ± 0.2 mg N kg-1 d.w. d-1). This confirms that the presence of N2 fixing shade trees can increase N2O emissions. Annual CO2 and CH4 fluxes of both systems were similar (8.4 ± 2.6 and 7.5 ± 2.3 t C-CO2 ha-1 year-1, -1.1 ± 1.5 and 3.3 ± 1.1 kg C-CH4 ha-1 year-1, respectively in the CIn and CM plantations) but, unexpectedly increased during the dry season. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea arabica, Gaz à effet de serre, Andosol, Culture sous couvert végétal, Azote, Cycle de l'azote, Inga, Fertilisation, Agroforesterie, Impact sur l'environnement

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Costa Rica

Classification Agris : F04 - Fertilizing
P33 - Soil chemistry and physics
P02 - Pollution

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Hergoualc'h Kristell, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (CRI)
  • Skiba Ute, CEH (GBR)
  • Harmand Jean-Michel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-8065-106X
  • Hénault Catherine, INRA (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : CD_BR15292 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; CD_BR15538 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/545742/)

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