Servicios ecosistémicos e hidroenergía en Costa Rica

Leguia Hidalgo Efrain José, Locatelli Bruno, Imbach Pablo, Perez Carlos, Vignola Raffaele. 2008. Servicios ecosistémicos e hidroenergía en Costa Rica. Ecosistemas, 17 (1) : pp. 16-23.

Journal article ; Article de revue sans comité de lecture Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Espagnol
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Titre anglais : Ecosystem services and hydropower generation in Costa Rica

Abstract : The purpose of this study is to identify forest ecosystems that provide hydrological ecosystem services (HES) relevant for the adaptive capacity to climate change in the hydropower sector of Costa Rica. We assessed a methodological framework that considers spatial linkages between land use, capacity of the ecosystem to produce environmental services, and the utility that hydropower plants derive from those HES in a context of vulnerability to climatic events. Hydropower plants receive HES from 24% of the national territory, where forest cover represents 52% of land use. The watersheds of Rio Reventazón, Grande de Tárcoles and Grande de Terraba are the more important in terms of area providing HES. Approximately 70% of forest ecosystems identified during the course of this study providing HES to the hydropower sector are currently outside the national protected areas system. The results of this study are relevant for the implementation of adaptive management plans in forest ecosystems providing HES, and thus, improve the resilience to climate change in the hydropower sector. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Énergie hydraulique, service, Écosystème, Forêt, Changement climatique, Politique de l'environnement

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Costa Rica

Mots-clés complémentaires : Service environnemental

Classification Agris : P06 - Renewable energy resources
K01 - Forestry - General aspects
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Leguia Hidalgo Efrain José, CATIE (CRI)
  • Locatelli Bruno, CIRAD-ES-UPR Ressources forestières (CRI) ORCID: 0000-0003-2983-1644
  • Imbach Pablo, CATIE (CRI)
  • Perez Carlos, CATIE (CRI)
  • Vignola Raffaele, CATIE (CRI)

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