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A qualitative risk assessment of factors contributing to foot and mouth disease outbreaks in cattle along the western boundary of the Kruger National Park

Jori Ferran, Vosloo Wilna, Du Plessis B., Bengis R.G., Brahmbhatt Dipa P., Gummow Bruce, Thomson G.R.. 2009. A qualitative risk assessment of factors contributing to foot and mouth disease outbreaks in cattle along the western boundary of the Kruger National Park. Revue scientifique et Technique - Office International des Epizooties, 28 (3) : pp. 917-931.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : Between November 2000 and the end of 2007, five outbreaks of foot and mouth disease (FMD) occurred in cattle in the area adjacent to the Kruger National Park (KNP) in the north-eastern corner of South Africa. To help understand the factors behind these outbreaks a qualitative risk assessment based on the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) assessment framework was adopted, using available data from published sources and various unpublished South African sources. Risk was assessed on the basis of the following factors: data on South African Territories (SAT) type infections of buffalo and impala in the KNP, permeability of the fence along the western boundary of the KNP, the potential for contact between livestock and wildlife susceptible to FMD in areas adjacent to the KNP, and the level of herd immunity in cattle generated by prophylactic vaccination. Scenario pathways for FMD occurrence outside the KNP are presented as a conceptual framework to qualitatively assess the risk of FMD outbreaks. Factors that are likely to have most influence on the risk were identified: fence permeability, vaccination coverage, or the efficiency of animal movement control measures. The method and results are provided as an approach that may be used as a basis to evaluate the risk of FMD outbreaks occurring in other wildlife/livestock interface areas of southern Africa. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Fièvre aphteuse, Bovin, Buffle africain, Gestion du risque, Transmission des maladies, Animal sauvage, Animal domestique, Interactions biologiques, Analyse du risque, Épidémiologie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique du Sud

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Jori Ferran, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (ZAF) ORCID: 0000-0001-5451-7767
  • Vosloo Wilna, CSIRO (AUS)
  • Du Plessis B., University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Bengis R.G., Kruger National Park (ZAF)
  • Brahmbhatt Dipa P., University of Texas (USA)
  • Gummow Bruce, University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Thomson G.R., SADCC (BWA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/554454/)

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